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News articles about "Ocean"

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts

Dams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage but a new study suggests that these structures provide ecological and engineering resilience to climate change in the Columbia River basin The ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More

Earth's wobble 'fixes' dinner for marine organisms

marine, organisms, Marine, Earth, organisms, earth
The cyclic wobble of Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean according to a new study in the journal Nature The discovery of factors that ... - Read More

Speedy chemical reaction captured in mid-stride

In synthetic chemistry making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high quality production at the lowest possible cost The element rhodium is a powerful catalyst a driver of chemical ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria may weaken ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide

Ocean, Ocean
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More

Researchers Capture Speedy Chemical Reaction in Mid-Stride

can tell chemists a great deal about the processes and their efficiency However intermediates normally exist for a second or less before moving to the next step in the reaction making them extremely difficult to ... - Read More

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More

Ocean fish acquire more mercury at depth

fish, Mercury
Mercury a common industrial toxin is carried through the atmosphere before settling on the ocean and entering the marine food web Now exciting new research from the University of Michigan and the University of Hawai'i ... - Read More

Unraveling the mystery of Saharan dust migration

Satellite pictures of Saharan dust clouds have been in the news all summer but to Shankar Chellam they have just raised more questions How much impact did the Saharan dust have on Houston's air Is ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

Novel worm community affects methane release in ocean

Community
Scientists have discovered a super charged methane seep in the ocean off New Zealand that has created its own unique food web resulting in much more methane escaping from the ocean floor into the water ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More
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