Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More
Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More
Snow is not as white as it looks Mixed in with the reflective flakes are tiny dark particles of pollution University of Washington scientists recently published the first large scale survey of impurities in North ... - Read More
New research indicates that shifts in Pacific trade winds played a key role in twentieth century climate variation a sign that they may again be influencing global temperatures The study led by scientists at the ... - Read More
Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More
NUS Engineering researchers are closer to creating underwater robotic creatures with a brain of their own besides behaving like the real thing In the near future it would not be too tall an order for ... - Read More
Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More
Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More
A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More
According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More
A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More
Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More
Taking inspiration from nature researchers have created a versatile model to predict how stalagmite like structures form in nuclear processing plants as well as how lime scale builds up in kettles It's a wonderful example ... - Read More
Today's atmosphere likely bears little trace of its primordial self Geochemical evidence suggests that Earth's atmosphere may have been completely obliterated at least twice since its formation more than 4 billion years ago However it's ... - Read More
Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More
Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More
Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More
The rapidly melting ice sheets on the coast of West Antarctica are a potential major contributor to rising ocean levels worldwide Although warm water near the coast is thought to be the main factor causing ... - Read More
A new analysis of geologic history may help solve the riddle of the Cambrian explosion the rapid diversification of animal life in the fossil record 530 million years ago that has puzzled scientists since the ... - Read More
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