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News articles about "Ocean"

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Emperor penguin in peril

An international team of scientists studying Emperor penguin populations across Antarctica finds the iconic animals in danger of dramatic declines by the end of the century due to climate change Their study published today in ... - Read More

Marine Bacteria Are Natural Source of Chemical Fire Retardants

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 6 29 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego Health Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More

Forging new ground in oil forensics: Deepwater Horizon Oil on shore even years later, after most has degraded

Years after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil spill oil continues to wash ashore as oil soaked sand patties persists in salt marshes abutting the Gulf of Mexico and questions remain about how much oil has ... - Read More

No limits to human effects on clouds

Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More

How red tide knocks out its competition

New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables but doesn't kill other species of algae The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem Marine ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More

Solving the puzzle of ice age climates: Southern Ocean and explanation for 'Last Glacial Maximum'

The paleoclimate record for the last ice age a time 21 000 years ago called the Last Glacial Maximum LGM tells of a cold Earth whose northern continents were covered by vast ice sheets Chemical ... - Read More

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

On the shoulder of a giant: Precursor volcano to the island of O'ahu discovered

Researchers from the University of Hawai'i Mānoa UHM Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environment France and Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute recently discovered that O'ahu actually consists of three major Hawaiian shield volcanoes ... - Read More

Greenland melting due equally to global warming, natural variations

The rapid melting of Greenland glaciers is captured in the documentary Chasing Ice The retreat of the ice edge from one year to the next sends more water into the sea Now University of Washington ... - Read More

Predator-prey made simple: Simplifying studies of predator-prey interactions and other 'bistable' systems

A team of U K researchers has developed a way to dramatically reduce the complexity of modeling bistable systems which involve the interaction of two evolving species where one changes faster than the other slow ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More
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