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News articles about "Ocean"

New sulfate-breathing species discovered beneath ocean crust: Third of Earth's biomass in largely uncharted environment

Two miles below the surface of the ocean researchers have discovered new microbes that breathe sulfate The microbes which have yet to be classified and named exist in massive undersea aquifers networks of channels in ... - Read More

New planetary dashboard shows 'great acceleration' in human activity since 1950

Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More

Nearly half the systems crucial to stability of planet compromised

Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Regional patterns of soot, dirt on North American snow discovered

Snow is not as white as it looks Mixed in with the reflective flakes are tiny dark particles of pollution University of Washington scientists recently published the first large scale survey of impurities in North ... - Read More

Coral reveals long-term link between Pacific winds, global climate

New research indicates that shifts in Pacific trade winds played a key role in twentieth century climate variation a sign that they may again be influencing global temperatures The study led by scientists at the ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

New-generation 'thinking' biomimetic robots developed as ocean engineering solutions

NUS Engineering researchers are closer to creating underwater robotic creatures with a brain of their own besides behaving like the real thing In the near future it would not be too tall an order for ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

New insights into predicting future droughts in California: Natural cycles, sea surface temperatures found to be main drivers in ongoing event

According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More

Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification

A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More

A glimmer of hope for corals as baby reef builders cope with acidifying oceans

While the threat of coral bleaching as a result of climate change poses a serious risk to the future of coral reefs world wide new research has found that some baby corals may be able ... - Read More

Research could improve nuclear power plant safety, and stop your kettle furring up

Taking inspiration from nature researchers have created a versatile model to predict how stalagmite like structures form in nuclear processing plants as well as how lime scale builds up in kettles It's a wonderful example ... - Read More

Losing air: barrage of small impacts likely erased much of the Earth’s primordial atmosphere

Today's atmosphere likely bears little trace of its primordial self Geochemical evidence suggests that Earth's atmosphere may have been completely obliterated at least twice since its formation more than 4 billion years ago However it's ... - Read More

Research confirms how global warming links to carbon emissions

Research has identified for the first time how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted A team of researchers from the universities of Southampton Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical ... - Read More

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion

Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More
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