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News articles about "Ocean"

Staggering turbines improves performance 33%

Ocean, Ocean
Research into the best ways to arrange wind turbines has produced staggering results quite literally The University of Delaware's Cristina Archer and her Atmosphere and Energy Research Group found that staggering and spacing out turbines ... - Read More

Toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago quantified: Doesn't take much sulfide to impact ocean life

Ocean, Ocean
Oxygen in the atmosphere and ocean rose dramatically about 600 million years ago coinciding with the first proliferation of animal life Since then numerous short lived biotic events typically marked by significant climatic perturbations took ... - Read More

Paleontologist presents origin of life theory

Earth, earth
It has baffled humans for millennia how did life begin on planet Earth Now new research from a Texas Tech University paleontologist suggests it may have rained from the skies and started in the bowels ... - Read More

Nanotech system, cellular heating may improve treatment of ovarian cancer

The combination of heat chemotherapeutic drugs and an innovative delivery system based on nanotechnology may significantly improve the treatment of ovarian cancer while reducing side effects from toxic drugs researchers at Oregon State University report ... - Read More

Texas Tech Paleontologist Presents Origin of Life Theory

Released 10 29 2013 11 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom Texas Tech University more news from this source Oct 30 2013 It has baffled humans for millennia how did life begin on planet Earth Now new ... - Read More

Hypoxia Issues in the Gulf of Mexico

The Mississippi River Basin is home to much of the United States' fertile crop land Though we need our food and energy crops their production has led to an increase in the levels of nutrients ... - Read More

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts

Dams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage but a new study suggests that these structures provide ecological and engineering resilience to climate change in the Columbia River basin The ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More

Earth's wobble 'fixes' dinner for marine organisms

marine, organisms, Marine, Earth, organisms, earth
The cyclic wobble of Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean according to a new study in the journal Nature The discovery of factors that ... - Read More

Speedy chemical reaction captured in mid-stride

In synthetic chemistry making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high quality production at the lowest possible cost The element rhodium is a powerful catalyst a driver of chemical ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria may weaken ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide

Ocean, Ocean
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More

Researchers Capture Speedy Chemical Reaction in Mid-Stride

can tell chemists a great deal about the processes and their efficiency However intermediates normally exist for a second or less before moving to the next step in the reaction making them extremely difficult to ... - Read More

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

Carbon-sequestering ocean plants may cope with climate changes over the long run

Ocean, Plants, Carbon, plants, Climate, Ocean, climate, carbon
A year long experiment on tiny ocean organisms called coccolithophores suggests that the single celled algae may still be able to grow their calcified shells even as oceans grow warmer and more acidic in Earth's ... - Read More
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