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News articles about "Ocean"

Solving the puzzle of ice age climates: Southern Ocean and explanation for 'Last Glacial Maximum'

The paleoclimate record for the last ice age a time 21 000 years ago called the Last Glacial Maximum LGM tells of a cold Earth whose northern continents were covered by vast ice sheets Chemical ... - Read More

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

On the shoulder of a giant: Precursor volcano to the island of O'ahu discovered

Researchers from the University of Hawai'i Mānoa UHM Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environment France and Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute recently discovered that O'ahu actually consists of three major Hawaiian shield volcanoes ... - Read More

Greenland melting due equally to global warming, natural variations

The rapid melting of Greenland glaciers is captured in the documentary Chasing Ice The retreat of the ice edge from one year to the next sends more water into the sea Now University of Washington ... - Read More

Predator-prey made simple: Simplifying studies of predator-prey interactions and other 'bistable' systems

A team of U K researchers has developed a way to dramatically reduce the complexity of modeling bistable systems which involve the interaction of two evolving species where one changes faster than the other slow ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Reconstructed ancient ocean reveals secrets about the origin of life

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have published details about how the first organisms on Earth could have become metabolically active The results which are reported in the journal Molecular Systems Biology permit scientists to ... - Read More

Today's Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida

Parts of ancient Antarctica were as warm as today's California coast and polar regions of the southern Pacific Ocean registered 21st century Florida heat according to scientists using a new way to measure past temperatures ... - Read More

Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in U.S. Arctic

A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of U S Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping oil and gas development and tourism raising concern about the risk of oil spills A new report ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns

The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of Earth's surface impact a major part of the carbon cycle and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns However accurately predicting the condition of ... - Read More

Southern Ocean iron cycle gives new insight into climate change

An international team of researchers analyzed the available data taken from all previous studies of the Southern Ocean together with satellite images taken of the area to quantify the amount of iron supplied to the ... - Read More

Understanding how mountains and rivers make life possible

Favorable conditions for life on Earth are enabled in part by the natural shuttling of carbon dioxide from the planet's atmosphere to its rocky interior and back again Now Stanford scientists have devised a pair ... - Read More
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