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News articles about "Ocean"

Thawing permafrost feeds climate change

Carbon held in frozen permafrost soils for tens of thousands of years is being released as Arctic regions of the Earth warm and is further fueling global climate change according to a Florida State University ... - Read More

Ascent or no ascent? How hot material is stopped in Earth's mantle

Gigantic volumes of hot material rising from the deep earth's mantle to the base of the lithosphere have shaped the face of our planet Provided they have a sufficient volume they can lead to break ... - Read More

Oxygen-depleted toxic oceans had key role in mass extinction over 200 million years ago

Changes in the biochemical balance of the ocean were a crucial factor in the end Triassic mass extinction during which half of all plant animal and marine life on Earth perished according to new research ... - Read More

Bacteria play an important role in long term storage of carbon in the ocean

The ocean is a large reservoir of dissolved organic molecules and many of these molecules are stable against microbial utilization for hundreds to thousands of years They contain a similar amount of carbon as compared ... - Read More

Better method for forecasting hurricane season

A better method for predicting the number of hurricanes in an upcoming season has been developed by a team of University of Arizona atmospheric scientists The UA team's new model improves the accuracy of seasonal ... - Read More

Spring plankton bloom hitches ride to sea's depths on ocean eddies

Just as crocus and daffodil blossoms signal the start of a warmer season on land a similar greening event a massive bloom of microscopic plants or phytoplankton unfolds each spring in the North Atlantic Ocean ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More

A mile deep, ocean fish facing health impacts from human pollution

Deep water marine fish living on the continental slopes at depths from 2 000 feet to one mile have liver pathologies tumors and other health problems that may be linked to human caused pollution one ... - Read More

Key to the long-term storage of dissolved organic carbon in the deep ocean

Researchers from the Malaspina Expedition have made strides in the understanding of the mechanisms governing the persistence of dissolved organic carbon DOC for hundreds or thousands of years in the deep ocean Most of this ... - Read More

Archaea: Surviving in hostile territory

Many strange creatures live in the deep sea but few are odder than archaea primitive single celled bacteria like microorganisms Archaea go to great lengths eating methane or breathing sulfur or metal instead of oxygen ... - Read More

Ascension of marine diatoms linked to vast increase in continental weathering

A team of researchers including Rensselaer professor Morgan Schaller has used mathematical modeling to show that continental erosion over the last 40 million years has contributed to the success of diatoms a group of tiny ... - Read More

Geoengineering proposal may backfire: Ocean pipes 'not cool,' would end up warming climate

To combat global climate change caused by greenhouse gases alternative energy sources and other types of environmental recourse actions are needed There are a variety of proposals that involve using vertical ocean pipes to move ... - Read More

No limit to life in sediment of ocean's deadest region

An international team of scientists led by a University of Rhode Island oceanographer has found oxygen and oxygen breathing microbes all the way through the sediment from the seafloor to the igneous basement at seven ... - Read More

Oceanic microbes behave in a synchrony across ocean basins

Researchers from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and colleagues found that microbial communities in different regions of the Pacific Ocean displayed strikingly similar daily rhythms in their metabolism despite inhabiting extremely different habitats the ... - Read More

Frequency of tornadoes, hail linked to El Niño, La Niña

Climate scientists can spot El Niño and La Niña conditions developing months ahead of time and they use this knowledge to make more accurate forecasts of droughts flooding and even hurricane activity around the world ... - Read More

Predicting which African storms will intensify into hurricanes

Hurricanes require moisture the rotation of Earth and warm ocean temperatures to grow from a mere atmospheric disturbance into a tropical storm But where do these storm cells originate and exactly what makes an atmospheric ... - Read More

Naturally acidic waters of Puget Sound surround labs

For more than 100 years marine biologists at Friday Harbor Laboratories have studied the ecology of everything from tiny marine plants to giant sea stars Now as the oceans are undergoing a historic shift in ... - Read More

Highly evolved bacteria found near hydrothermal vents: Iron-oxidizing bacteria found along Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Bacteria that live on iron were found for the first time at three well known vent sites along the Mid Atlantic Ridge one of the longest undersea mountain ranges in the world Scientists report that ... - Read More

Epoch-defining study pinpoints when humans came to dominate planet Earth

The human dominated geological epoch known as the Anthropocene probably began around the year 1610 with an unusual drop in atmospheric carbon dioxide and the irreversible exchange of species between the New and Old Worlds ... - Read More

Small eddies produce global effects on climate change

The increasing strength of winds over the Southern Ocean has extended its ability to absorb carbon dioxide effectively delaying the impacts of global warming New research published in the Journal of Physical Research found the ... - Read More
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