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News articles about "Ocean"

Mystery solved: Why seashells' mineral forms differently in seawater

For almost a century scientists have been puzzled by a process that is crucial to much of the life in Earth's oceans Why does calcium carbonate the tough material of seashells and corals sometimes take ... - Read More

Submarine data used to investigate turbulence beneath Arctic ice

Using recently released Royal Navy submarine data researchers at the National Oceanography Centre NOC have investigated the nature of turbulence in the ocean beneath the Arctic sea ice Recent decreases in Arctic sea ice may ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More

Scientists bring oxygen back to dead fjord

More and more of the world's waters are seriously lacking oxygen Could we use pumps to bring oxygen and thus higher life back into these waters A Danish Swedish research team says yes They installed ... - Read More

Threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US

Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry primarily oysters and clams are at long term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification a new report concludes ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

New ozone-destroying gases on the rise; not controlled by treaty

Scientists report that chemicals that are not controlled by a United Nations treaty designed to protect the Ozone Layer are contributing to ozone depletion In the new study published today in Nature Geoscience the scientists ... - Read More

Ancient rocks show life could have flourished on Earth 3.2 billion years ago

A spark from a lightning bolt interstellar dust or a subsea volcano could have triggered the very first life on Earth But what happened next Life can exist without oxygen but without plentiful nitrogen to ... - Read More

Geoengineering report: Scientists urge more research on climate intervention

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions while necessary may not happen soon enough to stave off climate catastrophe So in addition the world may need to resort to so called geoengineering approaches that aim to ... - Read More

Global sea ice diminishing, despite Antarctic gains

Sea ice increases in Antarctica do not make up for the accelerated Arctic sea ice loss of the last decades a new NASA study finds As a whole the planet has been shedding sea ice ... - Read More

Carbon release from ocean helped end the Ice Age

A release of carbon dioxide CO2 from the deep ocean helped bring an end to the last Ice Age according to new collaborative research by the University of Southampton Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB the ... - Read More

Global warming doubles risk of extreme La Niña event, research shows

The risk of extreme La Niña events in the Pacific Ocean could double due to global warming new research has shown The projected twofold increase in the frequency of this potentially devastating weather phenomenon across ... - Read More

Smothered oceans: Extreme oxygen loss in oceans accompanied past global climate change

Seafloor sediment cores reveal abrupt extensive loss of oxygen in the ocean when ice sheets melted roughly 10 000 17 000 years ago according to a study from the University of California Davis The findings ... - Read More

Ocean could hold key to predicting recurring extreme winters

Research at the National Oceanography Centre NOC may help to predict extreme winters across Europe by identifying the set of environmental conditions that are associated with pairs of severe winters across consecutive years Pairs of ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

Giant atmospheric rivers add mass to Antarctica's ice sheet

Extreme weather phenomena called atmospheric rivers were behind intense snowstorms recorded in 2009 and 2011 in East Antarctica The resulting snow accumulation partly offset recent ice loss from the Antarctic ice sheet report researchers from ... - Read More

Melting glaciers have big carbon impact

As Earth warms and glaciers all over the world begin to melt researchers and public policy experts have focused largely on how all of that extra water will contribute to sea level rise But another ... - Read More

Voyage from Earth's crust to its mantle and back again

Uranium isotopes leave a distinct 'fingerprint' in the sources of volcanic rocks making it possible to gauge their age and origin Geologists have gained a new understanding of how Earth's crust is recycled back into ... - Read More

Atmospheric rivers, cloud-creating aerosol particles, and california reservoirs

In the midst of the California rainy season scientists are embarking on a field campaign designed to improve the understanding of the natural and human caused phenomena that determine when and how the state gets ... - Read More
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