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News articles about "Nuclei"

Scientists use X-rays to look at how DNA protects itself from UV light

The molecular building blocks that make up DNA absorb ultraviolet light so strongly that sunlight should deactivate them yet it does not Now scientists have made detailed observations of a relaxation response that protects these ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

Researchers 'cage' water to see it change form

Scientists are using a pioneering method of 'caging' and cooling water molecules to study the change in orientation of the magnetic nuclei at the centre of each hydrogen atom a process which transforms the molecule ... - Read More

No limits to human effects on clouds

Understanding how clouds affect the climate has been a difficult proposition What controls the makeup of the low clouds that cool the atmosphere or the high ones that trap heat underneath How does human activity ... - Read More

Short nanotubes target pancreatic cancer

Short customized carbon nanotubes have the potential to deliver drugs to pancreatic cancer cells and destroy them from within according to researchers at Rice University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Pristine ... - Read More

Electrical control of nuclear spin qubits: Important step towards quantum computers

Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT and their French partners succeeded in making an important step towards quantum computers Using a spin cascade in single molecule magnet the scientists demonstrated how nuclear spins can ... - Read More

First real-time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell

Photovoltaic cells directly convert sun light into electricity and hence are key technological devices to meet one of the challenges that humankind has to face in this century a sustainable and clean production of renewable ... - Read More

First real time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell

Photovoltaic cells directly convert sun light into electricity and hence are key technological devices to meet one of the challenges that humankind has to face in this century a sustainable and clean production of renewable ... - Read More

Chip produces and detects specialized gas for biomedical analysis

A chip scale device that both produces and detects a specialized gas used in biomedical analysis and medical imaging has been built and demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST Described in ... - Read More

Approaching the island of stability: Observation of the superheavy element 117

The periodic table of the elements is to get crowded towards its heaviest members Evidence for the artificial creation of element 117 has recently been obtained at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research ... - Read More

Steering chemical reactions with laser pulses

Usually chemical reactions just take their course much like a ball rolling downhill However it is also possible to deliberately control chemical reactions at the Vienna University of Technology molecules are hit with femtosecond laser ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Magnetic behavior discovery could advance nuclear fusion

Inspired by the space physics behind solar flares and the aurora a team of researchers from the University of Michigan and Princeton has uncovered a new kind of magnetic behavior that could help make nuclear ... - Read More

'Ultracold' molecules promising for quantum computing, simulation

Researchers have created a new type of ultracold molecule using lasers to cool atoms nearly to absolute zero and then gluing them together a technology that might be applied to quantum computing precise sensors and ... - Read More

Oxygen's different shapes described

Oxygen 16 one of the key elements of life on earth is produced by a series of reactions inside of red giant stars Now a team of physicists including one from North Carolina State University ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Two-proton bit controlled by a single copper atom

Proton, Atom, Atom, Proton, Atom, Proton
Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms In a spectacular experiment an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Large graphene crystals with exceptional electrical properties created

Crystals, Properties
When it comes to the growth of graphene an ultrathin ultrastrong all carbon material it is survival of the fittest according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin The team used surface oxygen ... - Read More

Researchers develop label-free automatic cancer diagnostics

Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have developed a new spectroscopic method to support pathologists in diagnosing cancer In the Journal of Biophotonics and the Analyst they compared conventional procedures for colon cancer identification ... - Read More
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