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News articles about "Nuclear"

Radioactivity muddles alphabet of DNA

Curtin University researchers have shown natural radioactivity within DNA can alter chemical compounds providing a new pathway for genetic mutation The research recently published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta General Subjects for the first time ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

Thermoelectric materials nearing production scale

Materials, materials
Half Heusler compounds are especially suited for manufacturing thermoelectric modules Waste heat can be converted to electricity with them Researchers have manufactured the alloys for the first time in kilogram quantities More than two thirds ... - Read More

Molecular imaging tracers help determine treatment plans for brain metastases

Imaging with the molecular imaging tracer 18F FDOPA can help distinguish radiation induced lesions from new tumor growth in patients who have been treated with radiation for brain metastases according to new research published in ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

Faster and cheaper technique to cool electronic systems developed

A novel cooling system developed by researchers from the National University of Singapore NUS will pave the way for cheaper and more effective thermal control systems The innovative technique can potentially achieve up to 50 ... - Read More

Magnetic nanoparticles could aid heat dissipation in nuclear plant cooling systems and electronics

Cooling systems generally rely on water pumped through pipes to remove unwanted heat Now researchers at MIT and in Australia have found a way of enhancing heat transfer in such systems by using magnetic fields ... - Read More

Improving detection of radioactive material in nuclear waste water

As the Fukushima crisis continues to remind the world of the potential dangers of nuclear disposal and unforeseen accidents scientists are reporting progress toward a new way to detect the radioactive materials uranium and plutonium ... - Read More

Nanotechnology researchers prove two-step method for potential pancreatic cancer treatment

A new method of microscopic drug delivery that could greatly improve the treatment of deadly pancreatic cancer has been proven to work in mice at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center The research team led by ... - Read More

Animal, human health benefits anticipated from new biomedical instrument

health benefits
A Kansas State University team recently received a nearly $1.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation's Major Research Institute for a biomedical instrument that is anticipated to help with breakthroughs in animal and human ... - Read More

Altering surface textures in 'counterintuitive manner' may lead to cooling efficiency gains

Nuclear
Researchers across the globe are racing to find ways to improve the cooling of hot surfaces for technologies ranging from small handheld electronics all the way to industrial sized applications such as nuclear power plants ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

The researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

Resistance Is Futile: Chemists Develop New Way to Kill Cancer Cells Resistant to the Chemotherapy Drug Cisplatin

cell organelles that generate energy These structures have their own DNA inherited only from the mother which is essential for mitochondrial function Because mitochondria are involved in apoptosis the researchers wanted to see whether they ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Optimism about meeting 'Grand Challenge' of global prosperity

With ecological viability threatened world resources draining population burgeoning and despair running rampant the end is nigh Or not says Lawrence M Cathles Cornell professor of earth and atmospheric sciences In spite of our apparent ... - Read More

Erratic proteins: New insights into a transport mechanism

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
The outer membrane of bacteria contains many proteins that form tiny pores They are important for absorbing nutrients and transmitting signals into the cell The research group of Sebastian Hiller Professor of Structural Biology at ... - Read More

Cell Powerhouses Shape Risk of Heart Disease

Released 9 26 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Alabama at Birmingham more news from this source Sep 27 2013 BIRMINGHAM Ala – Genes in mitochondria the “powerhouses” that turn sugar into energy ... - Read More

Lab chemists help find binding site of protein that allows plant growth

Plant, plant
Using a new and super sensitive instrument researchers have discovered where a protein binds to plant cell walls a process that loosens the cell walls and makes it possible for plants to grow Researchers say ... - Read More
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