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News articles about "Nanoscale"

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Researchers 'detune' a molecule: Scientists control the bonds between atoms in a buckyball

Molecule, molecule
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More

Microscopic fountain pen adds new functionality to AFM microscopy

Microscopy
The Atomic Force Microscope AFM which uses a fine tipped probe to scan surfaces at the atomic scale will soon be augmented with a chemical sensor This involves the use of a hollow AFM cantilever ... - Read More

Establishing guides for molecular counting using fluorescent proteins

To know how many proteins assemble together at the nanoscale is fundamental for understanding protein function Sometimes proteins must be in an oligomeric state to be functional although oligomerization of certain proteins can also lead ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses

Crystal
A team of material scientists chemical engineers and physicists from the University of Pennsylvania has made another advance in their effort to use liquid crystals as a medium for assembling structures In their earlier studies ... - Read More

Infrared sheds light on single protein complexes

Proteins are basic building blocks of life The chemistry and structure of proteins are essential for their biological function Indeed the structure of proteins determines their mechanical and catalytic properties e g enzymes Such functions ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons an ice-melting coat for radar

Ice
Ribbons of ultrathin graphene combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars is just right for deicing sensitive military radar domes according to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour in collaboration ... - Read More

Nanoparticles and their orbital positions

Physicists have developed a planet satellite model to precisely connect and arrange nanoparticles in three dimensional structures Inspired by the photosystems of plants and algae these artificial nanoassemblies might in the future serve to collect ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

Graphene-based nano-antennas may enable networks of tiny machines

Nano
Networks of nanometer scale machines offer exciting potential applications in medicine industry environmental protection and defense but until now there's been one very small problem the limited capability of nanoscale antennas fabricated from traditional metallic ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

Welcome guests: Added molecules allow metal-organic frameworks to conduct electricity

molecules
Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and Sandia National Laboratories have added something new to a family of engineered high tech materials called metal organic frameworks MOFs the ability to conduct ... - Read More

Electricity from waste heat with more efficient materials

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat directly into electricity Tommi Tynell M Sc Tech who is a doctoral candidate at the Aalto University School of Chemical Technology has developed hybrid thermoelectric materials which combine useful ... - Read More

DNA helicity, elasticity explained on nanoscale

A simple mechanical model to effectively implement the well known double stranded structure and the elasticity of DNA on a nano meter scale has been developed by Jae Hyung Jeon and Wokyung Sung of Pohang ... - Read More

Diagnostic imaging: New chip provides better all-round performance

Applications, Applications
Small optical devices are important for diagnostic imaging in the body they serve for example as optical probes in blood vessels or the gastrointestinal tract For accurate diagnosis such applications require a 360 degree view ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Scientists ID new catalyst for cleanup of nitrites

Catalyst
Chemical engineers at Rice University have found a new catalyst that can rapidly break down nitrites a common and harmful contaminant in drinking water that often results from overuse of agricultural fertilizers Nitrites and their ... - Read More
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