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News articles about "Nanomaterials"

Graphene and painkiller receptor combined into scalable chemical sensor

Almost every biological process involves sensing the presence of a certain chemical Finely tuned over millions of years of evolution the body's different receptors are shaped to accept certain target chemicals When they bind the ... - Read More

Nanoscale heat flow predictions: Environmentally-friendly and cost-effective nanometric-scale energy devices

Heat flow in novel nanomaterials could help in creating environmentally friendly and cost effective nanometric scale energy devices Physicists are now designing novel materials with physical properties tailored to meet specific energy consumption needs Before ... - Read More

Next gen cell phones, computers? Harnessing magnetic vortices for making nanoscale antennas

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are seeking ways to synchronize the magnetic spins in nanoscale devices to build tiny yet more powerful signal generating or receiving antennas and other ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Graphene very mobile in lakes: Risks of negative environmental impacts if released

In a first of its kind study of how a material some think could transform the electronics industry moves in water researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering found graphene oxide ... - Read More

High-performance, low-cost ultracapacitors built with graphene and carbon nanotubes

By combining the powers of two single atom thick carbon structures researchers at the George Washington University's Micro propulsion and Nanotechnology Laboratory have created a new ultracapacitor that is both high performance and low cost ... - Read More

Toward 'vanishing' electronics and unlocking nanomaterials' power potential

Brain sensors and electronic tags that dissolve Boosting the potential of renewable energy sources These are examples of the latest research from two pioneering scientists selected as this year's Kavli lecturers at the 247th National ... - Read More

Bionic plants: Nanotechnology could turn shrubbery into supercharged energy producers

Plants have many valuable functions They provide food and fuel release the oxygen that we breathe and add beauty to our surroundings Now a team of MIT researchers wants to make plants even more useful ... - Read More

Harnessing everyday motion to power mobile devices

Imagine powering your cell phone by simply walking around your office or rubbing it with the palm of your hand Rather than plugging it into the wall you become the power source Researchers at the ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Alzheimer substance may be the nanomaterial of tomorrow

Substance
Amyloid protein causes diseases like Alzheimer's Parkinson's and Creutzfeldt Jakob disease But amyloid also carries unique characteristics that may lead to the development of new composite materials for the nano processors and data storage of ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

'Nanosponge vaccine' fights MRSA toxins

Toxins, Toxins
Nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore forming toxin produced by MRSA methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin This nanosponge vaccine enabled the immune systems of ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Scientists ID new catalyst for cleanup of nitrites

Catalyst
Chemical engineers at Rice University have found a new catalyst that can rapidly break down nitrites a common and harmful contaminant in drinking water that often results from overuse of agricultural fertilizers Nitrites and their ... - Read More

Technique developed to convert thermoelectric material into high performance electricity

Material, Material
A team of Clemson University physicists consisting of nanomaterial scientists Apparao Rao and Ramakrishna Podila and thermoelectricians Terry Tritt Jian He and Pooja Puneet worked synergistically through the newly established Clemson Nanomaterials Center to develop ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More
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