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News articles about "molecules"

Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens

Plant, plant
In the first study of its kind Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate ... - Read More

Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Similar to using Python or Java to write code for a computer chemists soon could be able to use a structured set of instructions to program how DNA molecules interact in a test tube or ... - Read More

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

Zinc, Proteins, and an Essential Cellular Balancing Act

a single celled fungus Yeast can adapt to both shortages and excesses of zinc says MacDiarmid an associate scientist Zinc is an essential nutrient but if there's too much it's toxic The issue for the ... - Read More

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED lights

Light, Light
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light emitting diode ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

With carbon nanotubes, a path to flexible, low-cost sensors: Potential applications range from air-quality monitors to electronic skin

Carbon nanotubes, Applications
Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen TUM are showing the way toward low cost industrial scale manufacturing of a new family of electronic devices A leading example is a gas sensor that could be integrated ... - Read More

Chemical synthesis: A simple technique for highly functionalized compounds

Synthesis, Compounds
Researchers at Kanazawa University have demonstrated a technique that allows direct functionalization of alkenes without the need for metallic reagents photolysis or extreme reaction conditions The addition of functional groups to certain unsaturated hydrocarbons known ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More

Seeing light in a new light: Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter

Light, Light
Harvard and MIT scientists are challenging the conventional wisdom about light and they didn't need to go to a galaxy far far away to do it Working with colleagues at the Harvard MIT Center for ... - Read More

Spinning CDs to clean sewage water

Water, Water, Water
Audio CDs all the rage in the '90s seem increasingly obsolete in a world of MP3 files and iPods leaving many music lovers with the question of what to do with their extensive compact disk ... - Read More

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

Counting on neodymium: Promising candidate for information processing with magnetic molecules

molecules
Magnetic molecules are regarded as promising functional units for the future of information processing An interdisciplinary team of researchers from Jülich and Aachen were the first to produce particularly robust magnetic molecules that enable a ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

In water as in love, likes can attract

Water, Water, Water
At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel This is a universal scientific truth except when it isn't A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist ... - Read More

Theory and formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors developed

Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Plastic, Plastic
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend Flexible electronics could spawn new products clothing wired to cool or heat reading tablets that ... - Read More

New theory for analysing interacting nuclear spins in solvents

Nuclear
Hardly a spectroscopic method boasts so many different applications as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy better known as NMR The approach of NMR spectroscopy is based on monitoring the so called nuclear spin namely the angular ... - Read More

Chemists slide a splitting catalyst over DNA for first time

Catalyst, Time
Chemists from Nijmegen have developed a catalyst that binds to DNA slides over it and splits the molecule in particular places The researchers were able to do this by synthetically modifying a natural catalyst This ... - Read More

Researchers Discover Evidence to Support Controversial Theory of 'Buckyball' Formation

theranostics This approach will provide an important component for tomorrow’s arsenal of precision medicine ” Dorn and Zhang’s research collaborators include Faye Bowles a graduate student researcher Marilyn Olmstead a professor of chemistry and Alan ... - Read More

Biochemists resurrect 'molecular fossils': Findings challenge assumptions about origins of life

Biochemists, Fossils
Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More
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