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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "molecules"

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world

Earth, earth
Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life In fact new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world Lawrence Livermore scientist Nir Goldman ... - Read More

Metal-free catalyst outperforms platinum in fuel cell

Researchers from South Korea Case Western Reserve University and University of North Texas have discovered an inexpensive and easily produced catalyst that performs better than platinum in oxygen reduction reactions The finding detailed in Nature's ... - Read More

Life-producing phosphorus carried to Earth by meteorites

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Scientists may not know for certain whether life exists in outer space but new research from a team of scientists led by a University of South Florida astrobiologist now shows that one key element that ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Quantum model helps solve mysteries of water

Quantum, Quantum
A research team from the National Physical Laboratory NPL the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center reveals a major breakthrough in the modelling of water that could shed light on its mysterious ... - Read More

Metamaterials: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Organic chemistry: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

Global warming caused by CFCs, not carbon dioxide, researcher claims in controversial study

Carbon, Global warming, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Global warming, carbon
Chlorofluorocarbons CFCs are to blame for global warming since the 1970s and not carbon dioxide according to a researcher from the University of Waterloo in a controversial new study published in the International Journal of ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal

tumor
Scientists at the University of California San Diego have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue An enzyme produced by a ... - Read More

Models from big molecules captured in a flash

molecules, Flash
To learn how biological molecules like proteins function scientists must first understand their structures Almost as important is understanding how the structures change as molecules in the native state do their jobs Existing methods for ... - Read More

Formation of functionalized nanowires by control of self-assembly using multiple modified amyloid peptides

Self-assembly, Self-assembly, Self-assembly
Researchers in Japan and US have developed a new technique for efficiently creating functionalized nanowires for the first time ever Prof Sakaguchi and his team in Graduate School of Science Hokkaido University jointly with MANA ... - Read More

New filtration material could make petroleum refining cheaper, more efficient

Petroleum, Refining
A newly synthesized material might provide a dramatically improved method for separating the highest octane components of gasoline Measurements at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have clarified why The research team which ... - Read More

Biophysicists measure mechanism that determines fate of living cells

Living cells
A new tension gauge tether TGT laboratory method developed at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has broad applications for research into stem cells cancer infectious disease and immunology Cells in the human body ... - Read More
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