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News articles about "Molecule"

'Superglue' for the atmosphere: How sulfuric acid increases cloud formation

It has been known for several years that sulfuric acid contributes to the formation of tiny aerosol particles which play an important role in the formation of clouds The new study by Kürten et al ... - Read More

Atmospheric chemistry hinges on better physics model

New theoretical physics models could help us better grasp the atmospheric chemistry of ozone depletion Indeed understanding photoabsorption of nitrous oxide N2O a process which involves the transfer of the energy of a photon to ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

Nanotechnology: Fullerene spheres can be used to slide in the nanoworld

Nano machines around one billionth of a metre in size of the future will need tiny devices to reduce friction and make movement possible The C60 molecule also known as fullerene or buckyball seemed to ... - Read More

Skin pigment renders sun's UV radiation harmless using projectiles

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

Boosting biofuel: Yeast made to tolerate high levels of ethanol, making them more productive

Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol However large concentrations of ethanol can be toxic to yeast which has limited the production capacity of many yeast ... - Read More

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

New halogenation enzyme found: Discovery to impact pharmaceutical and agricultural industries

Molecules containing carbon halogen bonds are produced naturally across all kingdoms of life and constitute a large family of natural products with a broad range of biological activities The presence of halogen substituents in many ... - Read More

The future face of molecular electronics

The emerging field of molecular electronics could take our definition of portable to the next level enabling the construction of tiny circuits from molecular components In these highly efficient devices individual molecules would take on ... - Read More

Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought

Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed An international research team that includes researchers from Wageningen University established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl OH is ... - Read More

Proteins such as tumor markers can be easily, sensitively detected by their scattered light

In future some diseases might be diagnosed earlier and treated more effectively Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen have developed an optical method that makes individual proteins such ... - Read More

'Pick 'n' Mix' chemistry to grow cultures of bioactive molecules

Chemists at ETH Zürich and ITbM Nagoya University have developed a new method to build large libraries of bioactive molecules which can be used directly for biological assays by simply mixing a small number of ... - Read More

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter The researchers are not shining light through crystal they are transforming light into ... - Read More

Buckyballs and diamondoids in tiny electronic gadget: Two exotic types of carbon form molecule for steering electron flow

Scientists have married two unconventional forms of carbon one shaped like a soccer ball the other a tiny diamond to make a molecule that conducts electricity in only one direction This tiny electronic component known ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

Researchers part water: 'electric prism' separates water's nuclear spin states

Using an electric prism scientists have found a new way of separating water molecules that differ only in their nuclear spin states and under normal conditions do not part ways Since water is such a ... - Read More

Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins

Some species of marine phytoplankton such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi can grow without consuming vitamin B1 thiamine researchers have discovered The finding contradicts the common view that E huxleyi and many other eukaryotic ... - Read More

Small molecule acts as on-off switch for nature's antibiotic factory: Tells Streptomyces to either veg out or get busy

Scientists have identified the developmental on off switch for Streptomyces a group of soil microbes that produce more than two thirds of the world's naturally derived antibiotic medicines Their hope now would be to see ... - Read More

Spot light on tailor-made multicyclic type of polymers

Tokyo Tech scientists synthesize multicyclic type of polymers for the first time offering insights for tailoring polymer properties as well as the mathematics of complex geometries Polymers come with a range of properties dictated by ... - Read More
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