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News articles about "Molecule"

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

Catching individual molecules in a million with optical antennas inside nano-boxes

molecules, Nano
A single cell in our body is composed of thousands of millions of different biomolecules that work together in an extremely well coordinated way Likewise many biological and biochemical reactions occur only if molecules are ... - Read More

Specifically sized gold nanoparticle spheres increase the sensitivity of a light-based chemical detector

A sensor that relies on reflected light to analyze biomedical and chemical samples now has greater sensitivity thanks to a carpet of gold nanoparticles Xia Yu of the A*STAR Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology along ... - Read More

Quantum model helps solve mysteries of water

Quantum, Quantum
A research team from the National Physical Laboratory NPL the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center reveals a major breakthrough in the modelling of water that could shed light on its mysterious ... - Read More

Metamaterials: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Organic chemistry: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal

tumor
Scientists at the University of California San Diego have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue An enzyme produced by a ... - Read More

Models from big molecules captured in a flash

molecules, Flash
To learn how biological molecules like proteins function scientists must first understand their structures Almost as important is understanding how the structures change as molecules in the native state do their jobs Existing methods for ... - Read More

New filtration material could make petroleum refining cheaper, more efficient

Petroleum, Refining
A newly synthesized material might provide a dramatically improved method for separating the highest octane components of gasoline Measurements at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have clarified why The research team which ... - Read More

Biophysicists measure mechanism that determines fate of living cells

Living cells
A new tension gauge tether TGT laboratory method developed at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has broad applications for research into stem cells cancer infectious disease and immunology Cells in the human body ... - Read More

Detecting mirror molecules: New technique reliably tells left-handed from right-handed variant of a compound

Harvard physicists have developed a novel technique that can detect molecular variants in chemical mixtures greatly simplifying a process that is one of the most important though time consuming processes in analytical chemistry As described ... - Read More

Unique method creates correct mirror image of molecule

Molecule, molecule
Many molecules have a right and a left form just like shoes In pharmaceuticals it is important that the correct form of the molecule is used Researchers at the University of Gothenburg Sweden have been ... - Read More

Beautiful 'flowers' self-assemble in a beaker

Beaker
Spring is like a perhaps hand wrote the poet E E Cummings carefully moving a perhaps fraction of flower here placing an inch of air there without breaking anything With the hand of nature trained ... - Read More

Artificial forest for solar water-splitting: First fully integrated artificial photosynthesis nanosystem

Photosynthesis
In the wake of the sobering news that atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least three million years an important advance in the race to develop carbon neutral renewable energy ... - Read More

Natural 'keystone molecules' punch over their weight in ecosystems

Naturally occurring keystone molecules that have powerful behavioral effects on diverse organisms often play large but unrecognized roles in structuring ecosystems according to a theory proposed in the June issue of BioScience The authors of ... - Read More
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