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News articles about "Molecular"

New metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels

sugars
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels The new pathway is intended to replace ... - Read More

3-D models of electrical streamers

Medical
Streamers may be great for decorating a child's party but in dielectrics they are the primary origin of electric breakdown They can cause catastrophic damage to electrical equipment harm the surrounding environment and lead to ... - Read More

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED lights

Light, Light
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light emitting diode ... - Read More

Folic acid deficiency can affect the health of great, great grandchildren

Folic acid deficiency can cause severe health problems in offspring including spina bifida heart defects and placental abnormalities A study out today reveals that a mutation in a gene necessary for the metabolism of folic ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Cell Powerhouses Shape Risk of Heart Disease

Released 9 26 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Alabama at Birmingham more news from this source Sep 27 2013 BIRMINGHAM Ala – Genes in mitochondria the “powerhouses” that turn sugar into energy ... - Read More

Chemical synthesis: A simple technique for highly functionalized compounds

Synthesis, Compounds
Researchers at Kanazawa University have demonstrated a technique that allows direct functionalization of alkenes without the need for metallic reagents photolysis or extreme reaction conditions The addition of functional groups to certain unsaturated hydrocarbons known ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More

'X-shape' not true picture of chromosome structure, new imaging technique reveals

Structure, Structure
A new method for visualising chromosomes is painting a truer picture of their shape which is rarely like the X shaped blob of DNA most of us are familiar with Scientists at the BBSRC funded ... - Read More

In water as in love, likes can attract

Water, Water, Water
At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel This is a universal scientific truth except when it isn't A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist ... - Read More

Theory and formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors developed

Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Plastic, Plastic
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend Flexible electronics could spawn new products clothing wired to cool or heat reading tablets that ... - Read More

New theory for analysing interacting nuclear spins in solvents

Nuclear
Hardly a spectroscopic method boasts so many different applications as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy better known as NMR The approach of NMR spectroscopy is based on monitoring the so called nuclear spin namely the angular ... - Read More

Chemists slide a splitting catalyst over DNA for first time

Catalyst, Time
Chemists from Nijmegen have developed a catalyst that binds to DNA slides over it and splits the molecule in particular places The researchers were able to do this by synthetically modifying a natural catalyst This ... - Read More

Researchers Discover Evidence to Support Controversial Theory of 'Buckyball' Formation

theranostics This approach will provide an important component for tomorrow’s arsenal of precision medicine ” Dorn and Zhang’s research collaborators include Faye Bowles a graduate student researcher Marilyn Olmstead a professor of chemistry and Alan ... - Read More

Biochemists resurrect 'molecular fossils': Findings challenge assumptions about origins of life

Biochemists, Fossils
Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

Evidence to support controversial theory of 'buckyball' formation

Fullerenes
Researchers at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have reported the first experimental evidence that supports the theory that a soccer ball shaped nanoparticle commonly called a buckyball is the result of a breakdown of ... - Read More

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change

In a series of papers to be presented next week scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to ... - Read More

Assumptions about origins of life challenged

Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More

Molecular structure reveals how HIV infects cells

molecular structure
In a long awaited finding a team of Chinese and US scientists has determined the high resolution atomic structure of a cell surface receptor that most strains of HIV use to get into human immune ... - Read More
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