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News articles about "Molecular"

Uniquely shaped enzyme amazes chemists

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Chemists of Radboud University Nijmegen have found that a uniquely shaped enzyme that has never been seen before in biology is real two interlocked ring structures known as catenanes The results have been published early ... - Read More

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Artificial bone: Designing synthetic materials and quickly turning the design into reality with 3-D printing

Materials, materials
Researchers working to design new materials that are durable lightweight and environmentally sustainable are increasingly looking to natural composites such as bone for inspiration Bone is strong and tough because its two constituent materials soft ... - Read More

Star-shaped macromolecule grabs large anions

Anions, Macromolecule
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have created a symmetrical five sided macrocycle that is easy to synthesize and has characteristics that may help expand the molecular tool box available to researchers in biology chemistry and ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

New Findings Regarding DNA Damage Checkpoint Mechanism in Oxidative Stress

Released 6 14 2013 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina at Charlotte more news from this source Jun 14 2013 CHARLOTTE June 14 2013 In current health lore antioxidants are all the ... - Read More

Memory-Boosting Chemical Is Identified in Mice

trigger different enzymes to act downstream to switch off eIF2 alpha “Among other things the inactivation of eIF2 alpha is a brake on memory consolidation ” Walter said perhaps an evolutionary consequence of a cell ... - Read More

New catalyst neutralizes gases responsible for climate change

Catalyst
New technology developed by the Research Group in Carbon Materials and Environmental prevents nitrous oxide decomposing it into nontoxic products The catalytic system is active efficient and stable over time and can purify gases emitted ... - Read More

Research Identifies Scent of Melanoma

Released 6 13 2013 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Monell Chemical Senses Center more news from this source Jun 13 2013 PHILADELPHIA June 13 2013 According to new research from the Monell Center and collaborating ... - Read More

'Self-cleaning' pollution-control technology could do more harm than good, study suggests

Research by Indiana University environmental scientists shows that air pollution removal technology used in self cleaning paints and building surfaces may actually cause more problems than they solve The study finds that titanium dioxide coatings ... - Read More

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics

New material
When you squeeze something it gets smaller Unless you're at Argonne National Laboratory At the suburban Chicago laboratory a group of scientists has seemingly defied the laws of physics and found a way to apply ... - Read More

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

Irradiation
New research shows that exposing polymer molecular sieve membranes to ultraviolet UV irradiation in the presence of oxygen produces highly permeable and selective membranes for more efficient molecular level separation an essential process in everything ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Bridge species drive tropical engine of biodiversity

Fossil
Although scientists have known since the middle of the 19th century that the tropics are teeming with species while the poles harbor relatively few the origin of the most dramatic and pervasive biodiversity on Earth ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

Testing artificial photosynthesis: Fully integrated microfluidic test-bed for solar-driven electrochemical energy conversion systems

Electrochemical, Photosynthesis
With the daily mean concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide having reached 400 parts per million for the first time in human history the need for carbon neutral alternatives to fossil fuel energy has never been ... - Read More

Dance of the atoms: Clustering of atoms observed

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
Lone people standing in a ballroom don't tend to move a lot It's only when they find a suitable dance partner that rapid motion sets in Atoms on iron oxide surfaces behave in a similar ... - Read More

Nanotechnology and the secret life of knots

Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology
Nanotechnologies require a detailed knowledge of the molecular state For instance it is useful to know when and how a generic polymer a long chain of polymers chain of beads knots The study of molecular ... - Read More

Catching individual molecules in a million with optical antennas inside nano-boxes

molecules, Nano
A single cell in our body is composed of thousands of millions of different biomolecules that work together in an extremely well coordinated way Likewise many biological and biochemical reactions occur only if molecules are ... - Read More
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