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News articles about "Mineral"

Origin of life: Chemistry of seabed's hot vents could explain emergence of life

Hot vents on the seabed could have spontaneously produced the organic molecules necessary for life according to new research by UCL chemists The study shows how the surfaces of mineral particles inside hydrothermal vents have ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells

By figuring out how to precisely order the molecules that make up what scientists call organic glass the materials at the heart of some electronic displays light emitting diodes and solar cells a team of ... - Read More

Sewage could be a source of valuable metals and critical elements

Poop could be a goldmine literally Surprisingly treated solid waste contains gold silver and other metals as well as rare elements such as palladium and vanadium that are used in electronics and alloys Now researchers ... - Read More

Second natural quasicrystal ever found in ancient meteorite

A team from Princeton University and the University of Florence in Italy has discovered a quasicrystal so named because of its unorthodox arrangement of atoms in a 4.5 billion year old meteorite from a remote ... - Read More

Microbial soil cleanup at Fukushima

Proteins from salt loving halophilic microbes could be the key to cleaning up leaked radioactive strontium and caesium ions from the Fukushima Dai ichi Nuclear Power Plant incident in Japan The publication of the X ... - Read More

Fading orange-red in Van Gogh's paintings

Red lead is most familiar to us in orange red rustproof paint Artists have treasured the brilliant color of this pigment for their paintings since ancient times However various aging processes cause discoloration of the ... - Read More

Evidence from glacier ice: Until it was banned, leaded gasoline dominated the humanmade lead emissions in South America

Leaded gasoline was a larger emission source of the toxic heavy metal lead than mining in South America even though the extraction of metals from the region's mines historically released huge quantities of lead into ... - Read More

The Making of a Geochemist: Q&A with Andrew Stack

interview by Dawn Levy IMAGE 1 2015 P00289CAPTION CREDITAndrew Stack of Oak Ridge National Laboratory calls on his expertise in geology chemistry and computing to advance understanding of the dynamics of minerals underground Image credit ... - Read More

Mystery solved: Why seashells' mineral forms differently in seawater

For almost a century scientists have been puzzled by a process that is crucial to much of the life in Earth's oceans Why does calcium carbonate the tough material of seashells and corals sometimes take ... - Read More

New, useful feature of Moringa seeds revealed

Previous studies have shown that the extracts from seeds of the Moringa oleifera tree can be used for water purification In a new study researchers from Uppsala University show that the Moringa seeds can also ... - Read More

Availabililty of rare metals for manufacturing: Are we (in)dependent of rare metals?

Numerous metallic elements are regarded as critical on one hand they play an ever more important role in so called future technologies and on the other there is a high risk of supply bottlenecks Small ... - Read More

Draft report analyzes policy options for hydraulic fracturing in Michigan

University of Michigan researchers today released a detailed draft analysis of policy options for hydraulic fracturing the natural gas and oil extraction process commonly known as fracking The draft final report of the U M ... - Read More

Scientists find strongest natural material known to humans

Limpet teeth might be the strongest natural material known to humans a new study has found Researchers from the University of Portsmouth have discovered that limpets small aquatic snail like creatures with conical shells have ... - Read More

Recent research provides new data on chemical gardens, whose formation is a mystery for science

Recent research which has counted with the participation of the University of Granada Andalusian Institute of Earth Sciences has yielded new data on chemical gardens mysterious formations produced when certain solid salts copper sulfate cobalt ... - Read More

Sequestration on shaky ground: Natural impediment to long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide

Carbon sequestration promises to address greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and injecting it deep below the Earth's surface where it would permanently solidify into rock The U S Environmental Protection ... - Read More

New composite protects from corrosion from high mechanical stress

A new composite material prevents metal corrosion in an environmentally friendly way even under extreme conditions It can be used wherever metals are exposed to severe weather conditions aggressive gases salt heavy wear or high ... - Read More

Atmospheric rivers, cloud-creating aerosol particles, and california reservoirs

In the midst of the California rainy season scientists are embarking on a field campaign designed to improve the understanding of the natural and human caused phenomena that determine when and how the state gets ... - Read More

Predicting properties of the surface of titanium dioxide crystals

An article in Physical Review Letters which was written by a group of researchers led by Qinggao Wang from MIPT's Laboratory of Computer Design of New Materials investigates the surface of titanium dioxide crystals We ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More
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