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News articles about "Microorganisms"

Climate change: How does soil store carbon dioxide?

Carbon, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate, climate, carbon
Previous studies have established that carbon binds to tiny mineral particles In this latest study published in Nature Communications researchers of the Technische Universität München TUM and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have shown that the ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Amoeboid swimming: Crawling in a fluid

Fluid
Researchers from CNRS Inserm and Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble have developed a particularly simple model that reproduces the swimming mechanism of amoebas They show that by changing shape these single cell organisms propel themselves forward ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

Sorting Good Germs From Bad, in the Bacterial World

Released 12 3 2013 10 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Dec 4 2013 Arizona State University scientists have developed a microfluidic chip ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Gentle pasteurization of milk – with microwaves

Microwaves, Milk
In the EU funded project MicroMilk European SMEs together with the University of Hohenheim and the Fraunhofer IGB have developed a novel method for pasteurization of milk with microwaves The system preserves the valuable components ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Changing the conversation: Polymers disrupt bacterial communication

Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way in which bacteria communicate with each other a study led by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown The findings published in the ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Tricking algae's biological clock boosts production of drugs, biofuels

biological
Tricking algae's biological clock to remain in its daytime setting can dramatically boost the amount of valuable compounds that these simple marine plants can produce when they are grown in constant light That is the ... - Read More

Natural products discovery group asks for public's help with citizen science program

Natural products, Public
The University of Oklahoma Natural Products Discovery Group has taken an unconventional approach to finding new compounds with therapeutic relevance by launching a crowdsourcing initiative with citizen scientists from around the country With this approach ... - Read More

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid north

crops
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in Earth's far north because the waters were virtually devoid of nitrogen unlike other areas of the globe scientists have studied Instead the hardy ... - Read More

Researchers Explore Natural Solution to Rid Plumbing of Pathogens

Released 11 4 2013 8 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom Virginia Tech Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University more news from this source Nov 5 2013 Microbes are everywhere – thousands of species are in your ... - Read More

Extracting energy from bacteria: Microbial electrode catalysts that turn wastewater into watts

Most of us wouldn't consider bacteria a promising energy source of the future That would be shortsighted says Leonard Tender a microbial electrochemist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D C who believes that ... - Read More

Earthworms invade New England

Carbon, carbon
Beavers reshape landscapes with their dams Wolves control elk populations Sea otters protect kelp forests by eating sea urchins These are what ecologists call keystone species critters that control an ecosystem and have a disproportionate ... - Read More

Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens

Plant, plant
In the first study of its kind Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some microbes use to communicate ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More
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