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News articles about "Microorganisms"

Bacterial armor holds clues for self-assembling nanostructures

Imagine thousands of copies of a single protein organizing into a coat of chainmail armor that protects the wearer from harsh and ever changing environmental conditions That is the case for many microorganisms In a ... - Read More

Faster annotation system for prokaryotic genomes unveiled

Georgia Tech researchers working with colleagues in the National Center for Biotechnology Information NCBI have released a new version of a genome annotation system capable of analyzing more than 2 000 prokaryotic genomes per day ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles show promise for early detection of heart attacks

NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering professors have been collaborating with researchers from Peking University on a new test strip that is demonstrating great potential for the early detection of certain heart attacks Kurt H Becker ... - Read More

Mercury from gold mines accumulates far downstream

Researchers have determined that the health risks taken on by artisanal small scale gold miners extend far beyond the miners themselves Based on a study of gold mining operations in Peru the miners' practices not ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Dirty pool: Soil's large carbon stores could be freed by increased CO2, plant growth

An increase in human made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet soil Researchers based at ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

Sweet smell of success: Researchers boost methyl ketone production in e. coli

Two years ago researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI engineered Escherichia coli E coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones a class of chemical compounds ... - Read More

Synthetic biology: 'Telomerator' reshapes synthetic yeast chromosome into more flexible, realistic form, redefining what geneticists can build

NYU Langone yeast geneticists report they have developed a novel tool dubbed the telomerator that could redefine the limits of synthetic biology and advance how successfully living things can be engineered or constructed in the ... - Read More

'Nanomotor lithography' answers call for affordable, simpler device manufacturing

What does it take to fabricate electronic and medical devices tinier than a fraction of a human hair Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego recently invented a new method of lithography in which ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen

Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology the study of tiny fossilized organisms to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Very low concentrations of heavy metals, antibiotics contribute to resistance

New Swedish research shows that plasmids containing genes that confer resistance to antibiotics can be enriched by very low concentrations of antibiotics and heavy metals These results strengthen the suspicion that the antibiotic residues and ... - Read More

ORNL Team First to Fully Sequence Bacterial Genome Important to Fuel and Chemical Production

Katie Elyce Jones ### Image caption Sagar Utturkar coauthor of high rating biotechnology paper in the team’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory lab Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Nuclear waste eaters: Scientists discover hazardous waste-eating bacteria

Tiny single cell organisms discovered living underground could help with the problem of nuclear waste disposal say researchers involved in a study at The University of Manchester Although bacteria with waste eating properties have been ... - Read More

Removing odor from wastewater using bacteria

The company EcoVerde by Mexican Humberto Uribe Luis Lobo designed a new filtration system that removes odor and other pollutants from wastewater through a biological process based on bacteria that feed on hydrogen sulfide a ... - Read More

Bottling up sound waves: Acoustic bottle beams hold promise for imaging, cloaking, levitation and more

There's a new wave of sound on the horizon carrying with it a broad scope of tantalizing potential applications including advanced ultrasonic imaging and therapy and acoustic cloaking levitation and particle manipulation Researchers with the ... - Read More

New optogenetic tool for controlling neuronal signalling by blue light

Institute for Basic Science IBS has announced that a group of researchers led by Professor Won Do Heo have developed a new technology in the field of optogenetics that can remotely control specific receptors by ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More
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