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News articles about "Microorganisms"

Snffing out origins of methane: instrument identifies methane's origins in mines, deep-sea vents, and cows

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas second only to carbon dioxide in its capacity to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere for a long time The gas can originate from lakes and swamps natural gas pipelines ... - Read More

Democratizing synthetic biology

Deep in the heart of synthetic biology are the proteins that make it tick Protein engineering is the crucial pulse of the booming relatively new scientific discipline Scientists grow harvest and reprogram proteins to become ... - Read More

Methane oxidation fuelled by algal oxygen production

Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters But here contrary to what has previously been assumed methane removal is not due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria A new study on Lake ... - Read More

Step change for screening could boost biofuels

Researchers at the Institute of Food Research have developed a new way of rapidly screening yeasts that could help produce more sustainable biofuels The new technique could also be a boon in the search for ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Scientists bring oxygen back to dead fjord

More and more of the world's waters are seriously lacking oxygen Could we use pumps to bring oxygen and thus higher life back into these waters A Danish Swedish research team says yes They installed ... - Read More

Climate change influences distribution of organic pollutants in the Baltic Sea

Regional climate change models predict an increased freshwater runoff into the Baltic Sea This will result in increased inflow of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon According to Matyas Ripszam Umeå University this change will have high ... - Read More

System to turn wastewater into fresh water developed

A Missouri University of Science and Technology professor has shown that improving wastewater treatment and saving energy are not only essential but they're also compatible Dr Jianmin Wang professor of civil architectural and environmental engineering ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Bacterial armor holds clues for self-assembling nanostructures

Imagine thousands of copies of a single protein organizing into a coat of chainmail armor that protects the wearer from harsh and ever changing environmental conditions That is the case for many microorganisms In a ... - Read More

Faster annotation system for prokaryotic genomes unveiled

Georgia Tech researchers working with colleagues in the National Center for Biotechnology Information NCBI have released a new version of a genome annotation system capable of analyzing more than 2 000 prokaryotic genomes per day ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles show promise for early detection of heart attacks

NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering professors have been collaborating with researchers from Peking University on a new test strip that is demonstrating great potential for the early detection of certain heart attacks Kurt H Becker ... - Read More

Mercury from gold mines accumulates far downstream

Researchers have determined that the health risks taken on by artisanal small scale gold miners extend far beyond the miners themselves Based on a study of gold mining operations in Peru the miners' practices not ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Dirty pool: Soil's large carbon stores could be freed by increased CO2, plant growth

An increase in human made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet soil Researchers based at ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

Sweet smell of success: Researchers boost methyl ketone production in e. coli

Two years ago researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI engineered Escherichia coli E coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones a class of chemical compounds ... - Read More

Synthetic biology: 'Telomerator' reshapes synthetic yeast chromosome into more flexible, realistic form, redefining what geneticists can build

NYU Langone yeast geneticists report they have developed a novel tool dubbed the telomerator that could redefine the limits of synthetic biology and advance how successfully living things can be engineered or constructed in the ... - Read More

'Nanomotor lithography' answers call for affordable, simpler device manufacturing

What does it take to fabricate electronic and medical devices tinier than a fraction of a human hair Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego recently invented a new method of lithography in which ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More
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