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News articles about "Microorganisms"

Eliminating Water-Borne Bacteria with Pages From the Drinkable Book(tm) Could Save Lives

primarily among children While studying the material properties of paper as a graduate student Theresa Dankovich Ph D discovered and developed an inexpensive simple and easily transportable nanotechnology based method to purify drinking water She ... - Read More

Engineers purify sea and wastewater in 2.5 minutes

A group of Mexican engineers from the Jhostoblak Corporate created technology to recover and purify either seawater or wastewater from households hotels hospitals commercial and industrial facilities regardless of the content of pollutants and microorganisms ... - Read More

Future antibiotic-making kit for amateurs? Kit could one day be widely available

Researchers in Switzerland and Japan have developed a rapid simple and safe method for generating large libraries of novel organic molecules in a fraction of the time required for traditional organic synthesis Led by Professor ... - Read More

Oxygen-depleted toxic oceans had key role in mass extinction over 200 million years ago

Changes in the biochemical balance of the ocean were a crucial factor in the end Triassic mass extinction during which half of all plant animal and marine life on Earth perished according to new research ... - Read More

Life for microbial specialists in the poisonous breath of sleeping volcanoes

Researchers of the University Jena analyze the microbial community in volcanically active soils In a mofette close to the Czech river Plesná in north western Bohemia the team working with Prof Dr Kirsten Küsel found ... - Read More

Soil organic matter susceptible to climate change

Soil organic matter long thought to be a semi permanent storehouse for ancient carbon may be much more vulnerable to climate change than previously thought Plants direct between 40 percent and 60 percent of photosynthetically ... - Read More

Got (fresh) milk? Preserving milk using energy efficient pulsed electric field processing

Milk is a key element for household food security and provides a stable income to farmers including women who are usually in charge of taking care of the milk producing animals in the low income ... - Read More

Key to the long-term storage of dissolved organic carbon in the deep ocean

Researchers from the Malaspina Expedition have made strides in the understanding of the mechanisms governing the persistence of dissolved organic carbon DOC for hundreds or thousands of years in the deep ocean Most of this ... - Read More

Archaea: Surviving in hostile territory

Many strange creatures live in the deep sea but few are odder than archaea primitive single celled bacteria like microorganisms Archaea go to great lengths eating methane or breathing sulfur or metal instead of oxygen ... - Read More

Some genes 'foreign' in origin and not from our ancestors

Many animals including humans acquired essential 'foreign' genes from microorganisms co habiting their environment in ancient times according to research published in the open access journal Genome Biology The study challenges conventional views that animal ... - Read More

Snffing out origins of methane: instrument identifies methane's origins in mines, deep-sea vents, and cows

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas second only to carbon dioxide in its capacity to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere for a long time The gas can originate from lakes and swamps natural gas pipelines ... - Read More

Democratizing synthetic biology

Deep in the heart of synthetic biology are the proteins that make it tick Protein engineering is the crucial pulse of the booming relatively new scientific discipline Scientists grow harvest and reprogram proteins to become ... - Read More

Methane oxidation fuelled by algal oxygen production

Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters But here contrary to what has previously been assumed methane removal is not due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria A new study on Lake ... - Read More

Step change for screening could boost biofuels

Researchers at the Institute of Food Research have developed a new way of rapidly screening yeasts that could help produce more sustainable biofuels The new technique could also be a boon in the search for ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Scientists bring oxygen back to dead fjord

More and more of the world's waters are seriously lacking oxygen Could we use pumps to bring oxygen and thus higher life back into these waters A Danish Swedish research team says yes They installed ... - Read More

Climate change influences distribution of organic pollutants in the Baltic Sea

Regional climate change models predict an increased freshwater runoff into the Baltic Sea This will result in increased inflow of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon According to Matyas Ripszam Umeå University this change will have high ... - Read More

System to turn wastewater into fresh water developed

A Missouri University of Science and Technology professor has shown that improving wastewater treatment and saving energy are not only essential but they're also compatible Dr Jianmin Wang professor of civil architectural and environmental engineering ... - Read More

Impact of Deepwater Horizon Oil on beach microbial communities

When oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill first began washing ashore on Pensacola Municipal Beach in June 2010 populations of sensitive microorganisms including those that capture sunlight or fix nitrogen from the air began to ... - Read More

Bacterial armor holds clues for self-assembling nanostructures

Imagine thousands of copies of a single protein organizing into a coat of chainmail armor that protects the wearer from harsh and ever changing environmental conditions That is the case for many microorganisms In a ... - Read More
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