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News articles about "Microorganisms"

New optogenetic tool for controlling neuronal signalling by blue light

Institute for Basic Science IBS has announced that a group of researchers led by Professor Won Do Heo have developed a new technology in the field of optogenetics that can remotely control specific receptors by ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Managing specialized microbes to clean stubborn chemicals from environment

Chlorinated chemicals perform a host of societally useful functions but they also have a dark side Once their use life has ended such agents often become environmental contaminants sometimes resistant to bioremediation In a series ... - Read More

Nature's Chem Lab: How Microorganisms Manufacture Drugs

all with diverse complementary expertise that enable game changing discoveries like this Håkansson said Skiniotis Sherman and Smith are faculty members in the U M Life Sciences Institute where their laboratories are located and research ... - Read More

How red tide knocks out its competition

New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables but doesn't kill other species of algae The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem Marine ... - Read More

Microalgae capable of assimilating ammonia resulting from the management of agrifood waste

The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development Neiker Tecnalia the public body that reports to the Sub Ministry for Agriculture Fisheries and Food Policy of the Government of the Basque Autonomous Community has confirmed ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance genes are essentially everywhere

The largest metagenomic search for antibiotic resistance genes in the DNA sequences of microbial communities from around the globe has found that bacteria carrying those vexing genes turn up everywhere in nature that scientists look ... - Read More

Recycling to ensure sufficient raw materials for the future

About 70 billion tons of raw materials are extracted world wide annually That is twice as much as at the end of the 1970s This trend is continuing even with finite resources One way to ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Carbon loss from soil accelerating climate change

Research published in Science today found that increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more carbon dioxide accelerating climate change Two Northern Arizona University researchers led the study which ... - Read More

Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows' gut bacteria The findings reported in mBio® the online ... - Read More

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

Tackling the tiniest technology to make gadgets smaller, faster and more efficient

University of Cincinnati researchers are discovering how to manipulate light to one day better view the world's tiniest objects through a super lens as well as how to hide an object in plain sight Masoud ... - Read More

Refined model for reliable prediction of invasion dynamics

Dynamics
The question how rapidly animals plants or microorganisms can colonize new territories is not only of interest to ecologists the spread of invasive species can also have economic consequences e g in the agricultural sector ... - Read More

Renewable Chemical Ready for Biofuels Scale-Up

Using a plant derived chemical University of Wisconsin Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that’s ripe with possibility for biofuels “With the sugar platform you have possibilities ” ... - Read More

Nitrous oxide emissions in streams and rivers examined

Emissions
A relatively unknown hidden artificial stream called a flume located in the basement of the Idaho Water Center at Broadway and Front streets in downtown Boise is the site of a collaborative research initiative by ... - Read More

Climate change: How does soil store carbon dioxide?

Carbon, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate, climate, carbon
Previous studies have established that carbon binds to tiny mineral particles In this latest study published in Nature Communications researchers of the Technische Universität München TUM and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have shown that the ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More
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