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News articles about "Microbiologist"

Ocean's living carbon pumps: When viruses attack giant algal blooms, global carbon cycles are affected

When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

Boosting armor for nuclear-waste eating microbes

A microbe developed to clean up nuclear waste and patented by a Michigan State University researcher has just been improved In earlier research Gemma Reguera MSU microbiologist identified that Geobacter bacteria's tiny conductive hair like ... - Read More

Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines

The sea grass beds of Long Island's Great South Bay once teemed with shellfish Clams scallops and oysters filtered nutrients from the water and flushed money through the local economy But three decades after the ... - Read More

'Microbe sniffer' could point way to next-generation bio-refining

A new biosensor invented at the University of British Columbia could help optimize bio refining processes that produce fuels fine chemicals and advanced materials It works by sniffing out naturally occurring bacterial networks that are ... - Read More

Infection prevention implanted directly into bones

Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More

New, fossil-fuel-free process makes biodiesel sustainable

A new fuel cell concept developed by an Michigan State University researcher will allow biodiesel plants to eliminate the creation of hazardous wastes while removing their dependence on fossil fuel from their production process The ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows' gut bacteria The findings reported in mBio® the online ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Rare new microbe found in two spacecraft clean rooms

NASA
A rare recently discovered microbe that survives on very little to eat has been found in two places on Earth spacecraft clean rooms in Florida and South America Microbiologists often do thorough surveys of bacteria ... - Read More

Global warming may affect soil microbe survival, with unknown consequences on soil fertility and erosion

Soil fertility
Arizona State University researchers have discovered for the first time that temperature determines where key soil microbes can thrive microbes that are critical to forming topsoil crusts in arid lands And of concern the scientists ... - Read More

Uniquely shaped enzyme amazes chemists

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Chemists of Radboud University Nijmegen have found that a uniquely shaped enzyme that has never been seen before in biology is real two interlocked ring structures known as catenanes The results have been published early ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Mechanism of novel biological electron transfer revealed

biological
When researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by microbiologist Derek Lovley discovered that the bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens conducts electricity very effectively along metallic like microbial nanowires they found physicists quite comfortable with the ... - Read More

Life deep within oceanic crust sustained by energy from interior of Earth

Crust
The core drill slides through a drill pipe extending from the drill ship at the sea surface through a water depth of 2.5 km and hundreds of metres of sediment into the oceanic crust off ... - Read More

The lifetime journeys of manure-based microbes

ARS
Studies at the U S Department of Agriculture USDA are shedding some light on the microbes that dwell in cattle manure what they are where they thrive where they struggle and where they can end ... - Read More

Tomorrow's life-saving medications may currently be living at the bottom of the sea

OHSU researchers in partnership with scientists from several other institutions have published two new research papers that signal how the next class of powerful medications may currently reside at the bottom of the ocean In ... - Read More
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