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News articles about "Metabolism"

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More

Folic acid deficiency can affect the health of great, great grandchildren

Folic acid deficiency can cause severe health problems in offspring including spina bifida heart defects and placental abnormalities A study out today reveals that a mutation in a gene necessary for the metabolism of folic ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

Researching New Detectors for Chemical, Biological Threats

typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More

Human Urine Metabolome: What scientists can see in your urine

Medical, Compounds
Researchers at the University of Alberta announced today that they have determined the chemical composition of human urine The study which took more than seven years and involved a team of nearly 20 researchers has ... - Read More

Combination of two imaging techniques allows new insights into brain function

The ability to measure brain functions non invasively is important both for clinical diagnoses and research in Neurology and Psychology Two main imaging techniques are used positron emission tomography PET which reveals metabolic processes in ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Pesticides contaminate frogs from Californian national parks

Pesticides, Pesticides, Pesticides
Pesticides commonly used in California's Central Valley one of the world's most productive agricultural regions have been found in remote frog species miles from farmland Writing in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry researchers demonstrate the contamination ... - Read More

Great exaptations: Most traits emerge for no crucial reason, scientists find

Carbon, carbon
Exactly how new traits emerge is a question that has long puzzled evolutionary biologists While some adaptations develop to address a specific need others called exaptations develop as a by product of another feature with ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

New Findings Regarding DNA Damage Checkpoint Mechanism in Oxidative Stress

Released 6 14 2013 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina at Charlotte more news from this source Jun 14 2013 CHARLOTTE June 14 2013 In current health lore antioxidants are all the ... - Read More

Study of oceans' past raises worries about their future

Oceans
The ocean the Titanic sailed through just over 100 years ago was very different from the one we swim in today Global warming is increasing ocean temperatures and harming marine food webs Nitrogen run off ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

A step closer to artificial livers: Researchers identify compounds that help liver cells grow outside body

Compounds
Prometheus the mythological figure who stole fire from the gods was punished for this theft by being bound to a rock Each day an eagle swept down and fed on his liver which then grew ... - Read More

Oxygen consumption of individual cells measured: Scanning electrochemical microscopy decisively optimized

Electrochemical, Oxygen , Microscopy
How active a living cell is can be seen by its oxygen consumption The method for determining this consumption has now been significantly improved by chemists in Bochum The problem up to now was that ... - Read More

Nanoparticles found in everyday items can inhibit fat storage: Gold nanoparticles accelerate aging

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
New research reveals that pure gold nanoparticles found in everyday items such as personal care products as well as drug delivery MRI contrast agents and solar cells can inhibit adipose fat storage and lead to ... - Read More

Surprising findings on hydrogen production in green algae

New research fuels hope of efficient hydrogen production with green algae being possible in the future despite the prevailing scepticism based on previous research The study changes the view on the potential of green algae ... - Read More
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