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News articles about "Metabolism"

Origin of life: Simulating how Earth kick-started metabolism

Researchers have developed a new approach to simulating the energetic processes that may have led to the emergence of cell metabolism on Earth a crucial biological function for all living organisms The research which is ... - Read More

A shocking diet: Researchers describe microbe that 'eats' electricity

There have been plenty of fad diets that captured the public's imagination over the years but Harvard scientists have identified what may be the strangest of them all sunlight and electricity Led by Peter Girguis ... - Read More

Tweaking MRI to track creatine may spot heart problems earlier, study suggests

MRI
A new MRI method to map creatine at higher resolutions in the heart may help clinicians and scientists find abnormalities and disorders earlier than traditional diagnostic methods researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Carbon monoxide may help shrink tumors, amplify effectiveness of chemotherapy

In recent years research has suggested that carbon monoxide the highly toxic gas emitted from auto exhausts and faulty heating systems can be used to treat certain inflammatory medical conditions Now a study led by ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Nanotech drug smugglers

Tiny capsules of carbon are invisible to the chemical gatekeeper that flushes potentially harmful substances out of our bodies' cells according to research published in the International Journal of Computational Biology and Drug Design The ... - Read More

Designer piercings: New membrane pores with DNA nanotechnology

A new way to build membrane crossing pores using Lego like DNA building blocks has been developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton ... - Read More

VIP Treatment for Jet Lag

Released 10 31 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Washington University in St Louis more news from this source Nov 1 2013 A small molecule called VIP known to synchronize time keeping neurons in the ... - Read More

Rare earths in bacteria: Methane-decomposing bacteria from hot springs need the valuable metals to produce energy

Bacteria, bacteria
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all These metals are used in mobile telephones display screens and computers And they are apparently indispensable for some organisms as well A team of ... - Read More

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More

Folic acid deficiency can affect the health of great, great grandchildren

Folic acid deficiency can cause severe health problems in offspring including spina bifida heart defects and placental abnormalities A study out today reveals that a mutation in a gene necessary for the metabolism of folic ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

Researching New Detectors for Chemical, Biological Threats

typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More

Human Urine Metabolome: What scientists can see in your urine

Medical, Compounds
Researchers at the University of Alberta announced today that they have determined the chemical composition of human urine The study which took more than seven years and involved a team of nearly 20 researchers has ... - Read More

Combination of two imaging techniques allows new insights into brain function

The ability to measure brain functions non invasively is important both for clinical diagnoses and research in Neurology and Psychology Two main imaging techniques are used positron emission tomography PET which reveals metabolic processes in ... - Read More
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