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News articles about "Membrane"

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

Microfluidic breakthrough in biotechnology

Bacteria, bacteria
Chemical flasks and inconvenient chemostats for cultivation of bacteria are likely soon to be discarded Researchers have constructed a microfluidic system allowing for merging transporting and splitting of microdroplets With this method hundreds of different ... - Read More

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Purple sunlight eaters: Microorganisms found in salt flats could offer new path to green hydrogen fuel

Salt, Fuel, Green, Microorganisms
A protein found in the membranes of ancient microorganisms that live in desert salt flats could offer a new way of using sunlight to generate environmentally friendly hydrogen fuel according to a new study by ... - Read More

BPA and chlorine means bad news: Modified forms of bisphenol A found to alter hormone signaling in new, disturbing ways

Hormone, bisphenol A, BPA
The ubiquity of the endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A led researchers to ask what it might be doing in publicly supplied chlorinated drinking water The answer Chlorinated BPA has different but no less profound effects ... - Read More

Using bacteria batteries to make electricity

Their idea is state of the art Ten Bielefeld students have set their sights on constructing a bio battery They want to make use of the bacteria Escherichia coli to convert glucose into energy With ... - Read More

Artificial organelles transform free radicals into water and oxygen

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully developed artificial organelles that are able to support the reduction of toxic oxygen compounds This opens up new ways in the development of novel drugs that can ... - Read More

Nanomaterial to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions

University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new nanomaterial that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations The new nanomaterial described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society efficiently separates ... - Read More

Jagged graphene edges can slice into cell membranes

Membranes
Researchers from Brown University have shown how tiny graphene microsheets ultra thin materials with a number of commercial applications could be big trouble for human cells The research shows that sharp corners and jagged protrusions ... - Read More

Study Finds Biochemical Role of Crucial TonB Protein in Bacterial Iron Transport and Pathogenesis

Released 7 1 2013 9 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Kansas State University more news from this source Jul 1 2013 MANHATTAN Kan A Kansas State University led study has discovered the role of a protein ... - Read More

Chemical nanoengineering: Designing drugs controlled by light

Light, Light
The scientific cooperation between chemists biotechnologists and physicists from various Catalan institutes headed by Pau Gorostiza from the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia IBEC and Ernest Giralt from the Institute for Research in Biomedicine IRB ... - Read More

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

Irradiation
New research shows that exposing polymer molecular sieve membranes to ultraviolet UV irradiation in the presence of oxygen produces highly permeable and selective membranes for more efficient molecular level separation an essential process in everything ... - Read More

Filmmaking magic with polymers

Polymers, Polymers, Polymers, polymers
Think about windows coated with transparent film that absorbs harmful ultraviolet sunrays and uses them to generate electricity Consider a water filtration membrane that blocks viruses and other microorganisms from water or an electric car ... - Read More

Shape of nanoparticles points the way toward more targeted drugs

Conventional treatments for diseases such as cancer can carry harmful side effects and the primary reason is that such treatments are not targeted specifically to the cells of the body where they're needed What if ... - Read More

Testing artificial photosynthesis: Fully integrated microfluidic test-bed for solar-driven electrochemical energy conversion systems

Electrochemical, Photosynthesis
With the daily mean concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide having reached 400 parts per million for the first time in human history the need for carbon neutral alternatives to fossil fuel energy has never been ... - Read More

Metal-free catalyst outperforms platinum in fuel cell

Researchers from South Korea Case Western Reserve University and University of North Texas have discovered an inexpensive and easily produced catalyst that performs better than platinum in oxygen reduction reactions The finding detailed in Nature's ... - Read More
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