Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and other institutions have worked out how the pigment of the skin manages to protect the body from the sun's dangerous UV rays The skin pigment converts the UV ... - Read More
Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol However large concentrations of ethanol can be toxic to yeast which has limited the production capacity of many yeast ... - Read More
No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More
Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More
Human nasal epithelial cells cultured on a microchip react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway The upper respiratory tract is the first line of defense against air pollutants including allergens ... - Read More
Researchers from Göttingen in collaboration with colleagues from Augsburg have 'filmed' the movement of lipid molecules using an X ray stroboscope at DESY In the scientific journal Physical Review Letters researchers lead by Professor Tim ... - Read More
Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More
About 40% of all medicines used today work through the so called G protein coupled receptors These receptors react to changes in the cell environment for example to increased amounts of chemicals like cannabis adrenaline ... - Read More
Researchers in Japan have engineered a membrane with advanced features capable of removing harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere Their findings published in the British journal Nature Communications may one day contribute to lower greenhouse ... - Read More
Using only a few ingredients the biophysicist Prof Andreas Bausch and his team at the Technische Universität München TUM have successfully implemented a minimalistic model of the cell that can change its shape and move ... - Read More
Where the river meets the sea there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy according to a team of mechanical engineers at MIT The researchers evaluated an emerging method of power ... - Read More
Yushan Yan Distinguished Professor of Engineering at the University of Delaware is known for using nanomaterials to solve problems in energy engineering environmental sustainability and electronics His early academic work focused on zeolites porous rock ... - Read More
Biophysics researchers at the University of Michigan have used short pulses of light to peer into the mechanics of photosynthesis and illuminate the role that molecule vibrations play in the energy conversion process that powers ... - Read More
Researchers have developed a microfluidic technique for fabricating a new class of metal organic framework MOF membranes inside hollow polymer fibers that are just a few hundred microns in diameter The new fabrication process believed ... - Read More
Physicists from Umeå University and Humboldt University in Berlin have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for half a century They show with the help of powerful microscopes that the distance between graphite oxide ... - Read More
Harald Janovjak Assistant Professor at IST Austria together with Michael Grusch Associate Professor at the Institute of Cancer Research of the Medical University of Vienna remote controlled the behaviour of cancer cells with light as ... - Read More
Released 7 1 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Applied Physics LettersJul 2 2014 WASHINGTON D ... - Read More
Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More
With the continuing need for very small devices in therapeutic applications there is a growing demand for the development of nanoparticles that can transport and deliver drugs to target cells in the human body Recently ... - Read More
larger cells organized in sequence and capable of generating much higher voltages than those used to make muscles work “If you remove the ability of the muscle cell to contract and change the distribution of ... - Read More
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