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News articles about "Membrane"

Researchers Study Vital 'On/Off Switches' That Control When Bacteria Turn Deadly

No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

Microfluidics: Lab on a breathing chip

Human nasal epithelial cells cultured on a microchip react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway The upper respiratory tract is the first line of defense against air pollutants including allergens ... - Read More

Researchers watch lipid molecules in motion

Researchers from Göttingen in collaboration with colleagues from Augsburg have 'filmed' the movement of lipid molecules using an X ray stroboscope at DESY In the scientific journal Physical Review Letters researchers lead by Professor Tim ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

New knowledge of cannabis paves way for drug development

About 40% of all medicines used today work through the so called G protein coupled receptors These receptors react to changes in the cell environment for example to increased amounts of chemicals like cannabis adrenaline ... - Read More

To clean air and beyond: Catching greenhouse gases with advanced membranes

Researchers in Japan have engineered a membrane with advanced features capable of removing harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere Their findings published in the British journal Nature Communications may one day contribute to lower greenhouse ... - Read More

Artificial cells take their first steps: Movable cytoskeleton membrane fabricated for first time

Using only a few ingredients the biophysicist Prof Andreas Bausch and his team at the Technische Universität München TUM have successfully implemented a minimalistic model of the cell that can change its shape and move ... - Read More

The power of salt: Power generation from where river water and seawater meet

Where the river meets the sea there is the potential to harness a significant amount of renewable energy according to a team of mechanical engineers at MIT The researchers evaluated an emerging method of power ... - Read More

Dream come true for chemists? Creating organic zeolites

Yushan Yan Distinguished Professor of Engineering at the University of Delaware is known for using nanomaterials to solve problems in energy engineering environmental sustainability and electronics His early academic work focused on zeolites porous rock ... - Read More

Deep within spinach leaves, vibrations enhance efficiency of photosynthesis

Biophysics researchers at the University of Michigan have used short pulses of light to peer into the mechanics of photosynthesis and illuminate the role that molecule vibrations play in the energy conversion process that powers ... - Read More

Hollow-fiber membranes could cut separation costs, energy use

Researchers have developed a microfluidic technique for fabricating a new class of metal organic framework MOF membranes inside hollow polymer fibers that are just a few hundred microns in diameter The new fabrication process believed ... - Read More

Interlayer distance in graphite oxide gradually changes when water is added

Physicists from Umeå University and Humboldt University in Berlin have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for half a century They show with the help of powerful microscopes that the distance between graphite oxide ... - Read More

Enlightening cancer cells with optogenetics

Harald Janovjak Assistant Professor at IST Austria together with Michael Grusch Associate Professor at the Institute of Cancer Research of the Medical University of Vienna remote controlled the behaviour of cancer cells with light as ... - Read More

Bringing the Bling to Antibacterials

Released 7 1 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Applied Physics LettersJul 2 2014 WASHINGTON D ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

'Nanosubmarine' designed that delivers complementary molecules inside cells

With the continuing need for very small devices in therapeutic applications there is a growing demand for the development of nanoparticles that can transport and deliver drugs to target cells in the human body Recently ... - Read More

Scientists Find the Shocking Truth About Electric Fish

larger cells organized in sequence and capable of generating much higher voltages than those used to make muscles work “If you remove the ability of the muscle cell to contract and change the distribution of ... - Read More

'Onion' vesicles for drug delivery developed

One of the defining features of cells is their membranes Each cell's repository of DNA and protein making machinery must be kept stable and secure from invaders and toxins Scientists have attempted to replicate these ... - Read More

Details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells explained

Sometimes a cell has to die when it's done with its job or inflicted with injury that could otherwise harm an organism Conversely cells that refuse to die when expected can lead to cancer So ... - Read More
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