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News articles about "Matter"

A crystal of a different color: One chemical forms two colors of crystals, sheds insight on agostic bonds important in industrial catalysis

Crystals, Crystal
Chemists have unexpectedly made two differently colored crystals one orange the other blue from one chemical in the same flask while studying a special kind of molecular connection called an agostic bond The discovery reported ... - Read More

Sediment trapped behind dams makes them 'hot spots' for greenhouse gas emissions

With the green reputation of large hydroelectric dams already in question scientists are reporting that millions of smaller dams on rivers around the world make an important contribution to the greenhouse gases linked to global ... - Read More

Tiny, brightly shining silicon crystals could be safe for deep-tissue imaging

Crystals, Silicon
Tiny silicon crystals caused no health problems in monkeys three months after large doses were injected marking a step forward in the quest to bring such materials into clinics as biomedical imaging agents according to ... - Read More

Microfluidic breakthrough in biotechnology

Bacteria, bacteria
Chemical flasks and inconvenient chemostats for cultivation of bacteria are likely soon to be discarded Researchers have constructed a microfluidic system allowing for merging transporting and splitting of microdroplets With this method hundreds of different ... - Read More

Traditional forest management reduces fungal diversity

Fungi
In the beech groves of Navarre a team from the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has analysed the influence exerted by forestry management on the fungi populations that decompose wood There is a ... - Read More

Behavior of turbulent flow of superfluids is opposite that of ordinary fluids

Physics, Physics
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Desktop printing at the nano level

A new low cost high resolution tool is primed to revolutionize how nanotechnology is produced from the desktop according to a new study by Northwestern University researchers Currently most nanofabrication is done in multibillion dollar ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

A heart of gold: Gold nanofibers in engineered heart tissue can enhance electrical signalling

cells, cells
Heart tissue sustains irreparable damage in the wake of a heart attack Because cells in the heart cannot multiply and the cardiac muscle contains few stem cells the tissue is unable to repair itself it ... - Read More

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the ... - Read More

Individual atoms imaged in a living catalytic reaction

Reaction, Reaction
Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in situ experiments for ... - Read More

ID got you, under the skin

Forget fingerprints or iris recognition the next big thing in biometrics will be a thermal imaging scan that maps the blood vessels under the skin of your face for instantaneous face recognition that would be ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Declines in ecosystem productivity fueled by nitrogen-induced species loss

Nitrogen, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, nitrogen
Humans have been affecting their environment since the ancestors of Homo sapiens first walked upright but never has their impact been more detrimental than in the 21st century The loss of biodiversity has much greater ... - Read More

New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations known as Laughlin state The production of this quantum state which explains ... - Read More

Rationale for the next-generation particle collider developed

A University of Oklahoma developed theory provides the rationale for the next generation particle accelerator the International Linear Collider The discovery of the Higgs boson at the CERN Large Hadron Collider in Geneva Switzerland this ... - Read More

Designing a cleaner future: Bicyclean helps recycle e-waste in developing nations

developing
A slum on the outskirts of Accra Ghana received major media attention in 2010 and 2011 when the outside world realized where computers go to die In an area called Agbogbloshie impoverished residents were burning ... - Read More

Cluster spacecraft detects elusive space wind

Cluster, Space
A new study provides the first conclusive proof of the existence of a space wind first proposed theoretically over 20 years ago By analysing data from the European Space Agency's Cluster spacecraft researcher Iannis Dandouras ... - Read More
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