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News articles about "Matter"

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Waste could help fuel low carbon energy and transport

Fuel
In a time when society – and nature itself – are threatened by climate change it seems fair to ask Does recycling still matter Two Swedish scientists say it does Seemingly insurmountable threats like global ... - Read More

High-energy physicists predict new family of four-quark objects

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
An international team of high energy physicists says the discovery of an electrically charged subatomic particle called Zc 4020 is a sign that they have begun to unveil a whole new family of four quark ... - Read More

A single-atom light switch: New switch is powerful tool for quantum information and quantum communication

Quantum, Quantum
With just a single atom light can be switched between two fibre optic cables at the Vienna University of Technology Such a switch enables quantum phenomena to be used for information and communication technology Fibre ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Can an oil bath solve the mysteries of the quantum world?

For the past eight years two French researchers have been bouncing droplets around a vibrating oil bath and observing their unique behaviour What sounds like a high school experiment has in fact provided the first ... - Read More

Giant atom eats quantum gas

Gas
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More

Extracting energy from bacteria: Microbial electrode catalysts that turn wastewater into watts

Most of us wouldn't consider bacteria a promising energy source of the future That would be shortsighted says Leonard Tender a microbial electrochemist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D C who believes that ... - Read More

Earthworms invade New England

Carbon, carbon
Beavers reshape landscapes with their dams Wolves control elk populations Sea otters protect kelp forests by eating sea urchins These are what ecologists call keystone species critters that control an ecosystem and have a disproportionate ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Spinning atoms in light crystals

Crystals
After more than 40 years of intense research experimental physicists still seek to explore the rich behaviour of electrons confined to a two dimensional crystalline structure exposed to large magnetic fields Now a team of ... - Read More

Physicists provide new insights into coral skeleton formation

Crystals
An international team of scientists led by physicists from the University of York has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation Their investigations carried out at the nanoscale provide valuable new information for scientists ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More

Breaking Bad's Addictive Chemistry

and a huge part of the show’s appeal As Pinkman exclaims during an episode of the show’s first season “Yeah Science ” Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More
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