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News articles about "Matter"

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Declines in ecosystem productivity fueled by nitrogen-induced species loss

Nitrogen, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, nitrogen
Humans have been affecting their environment since the ancestors of Homo sapiens first walked upright but never has their impact been more detrimental than in the 21st century The loss of biodiversity has much greater ... - Read More

New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations known as Laughlin state The production of this quantum state which explains ... - Read More

Rationale for the next-generation particle collider developed

A University of Oklahoma developed theory provides the rationale for the next generation particle accelerator the International Linear Collider The discovery of the Higgs boson at the CERN Large Hadron Collider in Geneva Switzerland this ... - Read More

Designing a cleaner future: Bicyclean helps recycle e-waste in developing nations

developing
A slum on the outskirts of Accra Ghana received major media attention in 2010 and 2011 when the outside world realized where computers go to die In an area called Agbogbloshie impoverished residents were burning ... - Read More

Cluster spacecraft detects elusive space wind

Cluster, Space
A new study provides the first conclusive proof of the existence of a space wind first proposed theoretically over 20 years ago By analysing data from the European Space Agency's Cluster spacecraft researcher Iannis Dandouras ... - Read More

Surprise superconductor

Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity maintain a flow of electrons without any resistance This phenomenon can only be found in certain materials under specific low temperature ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

Global warming may affect soil microbe survival, with unknown consequences on soil fertility and erosion

Soil fertility
Arizona State University researchers have discovered for the first time that temperature determines where key soil microbes can thrive microbes that are critical to forming topsoil crusts in arid lands And of concern the scientists ... - Read More

Stop hyperventilating, say energy efficiency researchers

A single advanced building control now in development could slash 18 percent tens of thousands of dollars off the overall annual energy bill of the average large office building with no loss of comfort according ... - Read More

Predators affect the carbon cycle, study shows

A new study shows that the predator prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem This previously unmeasured influence on the environment may offer a new way of looking at biodiversity management ... - Read More

Whispering light hears liquids talk

Light, Light
Ever been to a whispering gallery a quiet circular space underneath an old cathedral dome that captures and amplifies sounds as quiet as a whisper Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign are ... - Read More

Three-billion-year-old microfossils include plankton

Carbon, carbon
Spindle shaped inclusions in three billion year old rocks are microfossils of plankton that probably inhabited the oceans around the globe during that time according to an international team of researchers It is surprising to ... - Read More

First observation of spin Hall effect in a quantum gas is step toward 'atomtronics'

Hall Effect, Gas
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have reported* the first observation of the spin Hall effect in a Bose Einstein condensate BEC a cloud of ultracold atoms acting as a single ... - Read More

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world

Earth, earth
Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life In fact new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world Lawrence Livermore scientist Nir Goldman ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Klein tunneling: Coupled particles cross energy wall

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Model demonstrates that it is possible for two particles to cross an energy barrier together where a single particle could not For the first time a new kind of so called Klein tunnelling representing the ... - Read More

Crystal-clear method for distinguishing between glass and fluids

Glass, Crystal
Many solids are produced from melting Depending on how quickly they cool off invariably internal tensile stresses begin to build up One example are Prince Rupert's Drops or Dutch tears you can hit their thick ... - Read More
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