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News articles about "Matter"

New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe

Computational, computational, Computational
How many different molecules can be created when you release one of the universe's most reactive substances hydrogen cyanide in the lab And will the process create some particularly interesting molecules That is what scientists ... - Read More

Wildfires projected to worsen with climate change

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
Research by environmental scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences SEAS brings bad news to the western United States where firefighters are currently battling dozens of fires in at least 11 states ... - Read More

Physicist disentangles 'Schrodinger's cat' debate

Physicist Art Hobson has offered a solution within the framework of standard quantum physics to the long running debate about the nature of quantum measurement In an article published August 8 by Physical Review A ... - Read More

Simple mix of rock and organic waste is powerful fertilizer

Fertilizer
Food and biofuel crops could be grown and maintained in many places where it wasn't previously possible such as deserts landfills and former mining sites thanks to an inexpensive non chemical soil additive The additive ... - Read More

New rechargeable flow battery could enable cheaper, more efficient energy storage

Battery
MIT researchers have engineered a new rechargeable flow battery that doesn't rely on expensive membranes to generate and store electricity The device they say may one day enable cheaper large scale energy storage The palm ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

A crystal of a different color: One chemical forms two colors of crystals, sheds insight on agostic bonds important in industrial catalysis

Crystals, Crystal
Chemists have unexpectedly made two differently colored crystals one orange the other blue from one chemical in the same flask while studying a special kind of molecular connection called an agostic bond The discovery reported ... - Read More

Sediment trapped behind dams makes them 'hot spots' for greenhouse gas emissions

With the green reputation of large hydroelectric dams already in question scientists are reporting that millions of smaller dams on rivers around the world make an important contribution to the greenhouse gases linked to global ... - Read More

Tiny, brightly shining silicon crystals could be safe for deep-tissue imaging

Crystals, Silicon
Tiny silicon crystals caused no health problems in monkeys three months after large doses were injected marking a step forward in the quest to bring such materials into clinics as biomedical imaging agents according to ... - Read More

Microfluidic breakthrough in biotechnology

Bacteria, bacteria
Chemical flasks and inconvenient chemostats for cultivation of bacteria are likely soon to be discarded Researchers have constructed a microfluidic system allowing for merging transporting and splitting of microdroplets With this method hundreds of different ... - Read More

Traditional forest management reduces fungal diversity

Fungi
In the beech groves of Navarre a team from the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has analysed the influence exerted by forestry management on the fungi populations that decompose wood There is a ... - Read More

Behavior of turbulent flow of superfluids is opposite that of ordinary fluids

Physics, Physics
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Desktop printing at the nano level

A new low cost high resolution tool is primed to revolutionize how nanotechnology is produced from the desktop according to a new study by Northwestern University researchers Currently most nanofabrication is done in multibillion dollar ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

A heart of gold: Gold nanofibers in engineered heart tissue can enhance electrical signalling

cells, cells
Heart tissue sustains irreparable damage in the wake of a heart attack Because cells in the heart cannot multiply and the cardiac muscle contains few stem cells the tissue is unable to repair itself it ... - Read More

New nanoscale imaging method finds application in plasmonics

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the University of Maryland have shown how to make nanoscale measurements of critical properties of plasmonic nanomaterials the specially engineered nanostructures that modify the ... - Read More

Individual atoms imaged in a living catalytic reaction

Reaction, Reaction
Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in situ experiments for ... - Read More
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