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News articles about "Matter"

A crystal wedding in the nanocosmos may lead to fast multi-functional processing units on single chip

Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR the Vienna University of Technology and the Maria Curie Skłodowska University Lublin have succeeded in embedding nearly perfect semiconductor crystals into a silicon nanowire With this new ... - Read More

Anti-tank missile detector joins fight against malaria

State of the art military hardware could soon fight malaria one of the most deadly diseases on the planet Researchers at Monash University and the University of Melbourne have used an anti tank Javelin missile ... - Read More

Researchers discover boron 'buckyball'

The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More

Scientists experimentally re-create conditions deep inside giant planets, such as Jupiter and many exo-planets

Lawrence Livermore scientists for the first time have experimentally re created the conditions that exist deep inside giant planets such as Jupiter Uranus and many of the planets recently discovered outside our solar system Researchers ... - Read More

Physicists detect process even rarer than the long-sought Higgs particle

Scientists running the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider LHC the world's largest and most powerful atom smasher report the first evidence of a process that can be used to test the mechanism by ... - Read More

Bacteria Hijack Plentiful Iron Supply Source to Flourish

mitochondrial siderophore Mammalian mitochondria are membrane encased subunits within cells that generate most of the cell’s energy and like their bacteria counterparts mammalian mitochondria have their own siderophore mechanism that seeks out captures and delivers ... - Read More

Ultra-cold atom transport made simple

Techniques for controlling ultra cold atoms travelling in ring traps currently represent an important research area in physics A new study gives a proof of principle confirmed by numerical simulations of the applicability to ultra ... - Read More

The quantum dance of oxygen: Proposal for a new phase of the element, when atoms dance in quartets

Under extremely high pressure conditions oxygen molecules group into quartets and give rise to a dance of their magnetic moments This as observed in a new study carried out by SISSA in collaboration with ICTP ... - Read More

From pencil marks to quantum computers

One of the hottest materials in condensed matter research today is graphene Graphene had an unlikely start it began with researchers messing around with pencil marks on paper Pencil lead is actually made of graphite ... - Read More

Tool helps guide brain cancer surgery

A tool to help brain surgeons test and more precisely remove cancerous tissue was successfully used during surgery according to a Purdue University and Brigham and Women's Hospital study The Purdue designed tool sprays a ... - Read More

Kudzu can release soil carbon, accelerate global warming

Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases The research could have far reaching implications for how we manage agricultural ... - Read More

Up in flames: Evidence confirms combustion theory

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Berkeley Lab and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas phase molecules into solid particles like soot ... - Read More

Bolstering batteries with nanotubes

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL are turning to extremely tiny tubes and rods to boost power and durability in lithium ion batteries the energy sources for cell phones laptops and ... - Read More

To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing carbon dioxide emissions

The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert Among the climate pollutants humans put into the ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

Climate change: Termites, fungi play more important role in decomposition than temperature

Climate change models could have a thing or two to learn from termites and fungi according to a new study released this week For a long time scientists have believed that temperature is the dominant ... - Read More

Fecal source tracking in Norwegian water catchments: New methods

The Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Bioforsk has tested and implemented a set of methods for the detection of fecal pollution in Norwegian watercourses The methods which combine microbial and molecular biological techniques ... - Read More

Quantum criticality observed in new class of materials

Quantum criticality the strange electronic state that may be intimately related to high temperature superconductivity is notoriously difficult to study But a new discovery of quantum critical points could allow physicists to develop a classification ... - Read More

Vanishing da Vinci: Nondestructive way to determine state of degradation of ancient works of art

One of Leonardo da Vinci's masterpieces drawn in red chalk on paper during the early 1500s and widely believed to be a self portrait is in extremely poor condition Centuries of exposure to humid storage ... - Read More

Progress on detecting glucose levels in saliva: New biochip sensor

Researchers from Brown University have developed a new biochip sensor that can selectively measure concentrations of glucose in a complex solution similar to human saliva The advance is an important step toward a device that ... - Read More
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