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News articles about "Matter"

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Burning issue of hydrocarbons, impacts on human health

Highlights of Prof Hayakawa's research who is currently developing methods to identify metabolites of PAHs and NPAHs in urine and blood Other work include developing the most sensitive method for measuring PAHs and NPAHs showing ... - Read More

Toxicologists outline key health and environmental concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing

Date May 9 2014 Source Society of Toxicology Summary Since the rise in the use of hydraulic fracturing of shale to produce natural gas and oil many have debated the merits and detractions of the ... - Read More

Exploring the magnetism of a single atom

Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Super-charged tropical trees: Borneo’s productive trees vitally important for global carbon cycling

A team of scientists has found that the woody growth of forests in north Borneo is half as great again as in the most productive forests of north west Amazonia an average difference of 3.2 ... - Read More

Study validates air sampling techniques to fight bioterrorism

Air and surface sampling techniques currently used by the US government are effective in fighting bioterrorism and potentially saving lives a Saint Louis University researcher finds Results published in Biosecurity and Bioterrorism by Alexander Garza ... - Read More

Terahertz imaging on the cheap: Fewer sensors required for high-resolution imaging systems

Terahertz imaging which is already familiar from airport security checkpoints has a number of other promising applications from explosives detection to collision avoidance in cars Like sonar or radar terahertz imaging produces an image by ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Wastewater disposal may trigger quakes at greater distance than previously thought

Oil and gas development activities including underground disposal of wastewater and hydraulic fracturing may induce earthquakes by changing the state of stress on existing faults to the point of failure Earthquakes from wastewater disposal may ... - Read More

Rhode Island: Nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound

A new study reports that anammox a key process in the nitrogen cycle is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound Scientists ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Graphene very mobile in lakes: Risks of negative environmental impacts if released

In a first of its kind study of how a material some think could transform the electronics industry moves in water researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering found graphene oxide ... - Read More

New record operation temperature for quantum-cascade lasers

For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Small-scale, urban allotments yield food, healthy soil, study finds

Soils under Britain's allotments are significantly healthier than intensively farmed soils researchers have found This is the first study to show that by growing at small scale in urban areas it is possible to produce ... - Read More

When things get glassy, molecules go fractal

Colorful church windows beads on a necklace and many of our favorite plastics share something in common they all belong to a state of matter known as glasses School children learn the difference between liquids ... - Read More

Mapping the road to quantum gravity

Perimeter Associate Faculty member Sung Sik Lee is a condensed matter physicist but he has his eye on quantum gravity Lee lays out the problem Physics has one theory to describe how planets orbit the ... - Read More
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