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News articles about "Matter"

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Global warming in the Canadian arctic

Ph D student Karita Negandhi and professor Isabelle Laurion from INRS'Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre in collaboration with other Canadian U S and French researchers have been studying methane emissions produced by thawing permafrost in ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Waste could help fuel low carbon energy and transport

Fuel
In a time when society – and nature itself – are threatened by climate change it seems fair to ask Does recycling still matter Two Swedish scientists say it does Seemingly insurmountable threats like global ... - Read More

High-energy physicists predict new family of four-quark objects

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
An international team of high energy physicists says the discovery of an electrically charged subatomic particle called Zc 4020 is a sign that they have begun to unveil a whole new family of four quark ... - Read More

A single-atom light switch: New switch is powerful tool for quantum information and quantum communication

Quantum, Quantum
With just a single atom light can be switched between two fibre optic cables at the Vienna University of Technology Such a switch enables quantum phenomena to be used for information and communication technology Fibre ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Can an oil bath solve the mysteries of the quantum world?

For the past eight years two French researchers have been bouncing droplets around a vibrating oil bath and observing their unique behaviour What sounds like a high school experiment has in fact provided the first ... - Read More

Giant atom eats quantum gas

Gas
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More

Extracting energy from bacteria: Microbial electrode catalysts that turn wastewater into watts

Most of us wouldn't consider bacteria a promising energy source of the future That would be shortsighted says Leonard Tender a microbial electrochemist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D C who believes that ... - Read More

Earthworms invade New England

Carbon, carbon
Beavers reshape landscapes with their dams Wolves control elk populations Sea otters protect kelp forests by eating sea urchins These are what ecologists call keystone species critters that control an ecosystem and have a disproportionate ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More
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