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News articles about "Matter"

Decomposing logs show local factors undervalued in climate change predictions

A new Yale led study challenges the long held assumption that climate is the primary driver of how quickly organic matter decomposes in different regions a key piece of information used in formulating climate models ... - Read More

Exciton detected in metal for first time: Microscopic quantum mechanical description of how light excites electrons in metals

University of Pittsburgh researchers have become the first to detect a fundamental particle of light matter interaction in metals the exciton The team will publish its work online June 1 in Nature Physics Humankind has ... - Read More

Quantum mechanisms of organic devices for alternative solar panels are revealed

Silicon panel based technology requires a very costly contaminating manufacturing process while organic photovoltaic OPV devices have been positioned as one of the most attractive alternatives as a source of solar energy This research has ... - Read More

Buried fossil soils found to be awash in carbon

Soils that formed on Earth's surface thousands of years ago and that are now deeply buried features of vanished landscapes have been found to be rich in carbon adding a new dimension to our planet's ... - Read More

Rules to cut carbon emissions also reduce air pollution harmful to people, environment

Setting strong standards for climate changing carbon emissions from power plants would provide an added bonus reductions in other air pollutants that can make people sick damage forests crops and lakes and harm fish and ... - Read More

Hybrid energy transfer system mimics process responsible for photosynthesis

Scientists from the University of Southampton in collaboration with the Universities of Sheffield and Crete have developed a new hybrid energy transfer system which mimics the processes responsible for photosynthesis From photosynthesis to respiration the ... - Read More

Circuits and sensors direct from the printer

Printers are becoming more and more versatile Now they can even print sensors and electronic components on 2D and 3D substrates A new robot assisted production line allows the process to be automated These days ... - Read More

Panda Restoration Efforts Look at Digestive Systems

Released 5 19 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Mississippi State University Office of Agricultural Communications more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations American Society for MicrobiologyBy Karen ... - Read More

Lighting the way to graphene-based devices

Graphene continues to reign as the next potential superstar material for the electronics industry a slimmer stronger and much faster electron conductor than silicon With no natural energy band gap however graphene's superfast conductance can't ... - Read More

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Burning issue of hydrocarbons, impacts on human health

Highlights of Prof Hayakawa's research who is currently developing methods to identify metabolites of PAHs and NPAHs in urine and blood Other work include developing the most sensitive method for measuring PAHs and NPAHs showing ... - Read More

Toxicologists outline key health and environmental concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing

Date May 9 2014 Source Society of Toxicology Summary Since the rise in the use of hydraulic fracturing of shale to produce natural gas and oil many have debated the merits and detractions of the ... - Read More

Exploring the magnetism of a single atom

Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Super-charged tropical trees: Borneo’s productive trees vitally important for global carbon cycling

A team of scientists has found that the woody growth of forests in north Borneo is half as great again as in the most productive forests of north west Amazonia an average difference of 3.2 ... - Read More

Study validates air sampling techniques to fight bioterrorism

Air and surface sampling techniques currently used by the US government are effective in fighting bioterrorism and potentially saving lives a Saint Louis University researcher finds Results published in Biosecurity and Bioterrorism by Alexander Garza ... - Read More

Terahertz imaging on the cheap: Fewer sensors required for high-resolution imaging systems

Terahertz imaging which is already familiar from airport security checkpoints has a number of other promising applications from explosives detection to collision avoidance in cars Like sonar or radar terahertz imaging produces an image by ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Wastewater disposal may trigger quakes at greater distance than previously thought

Oil and gas development activities including underground disposal of wastewater and hydraulic fracturing may induce earthquakes by changing the state of stress on existing faults to the point of failure Earthquakes from wastewater disposal may ... - Read More
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