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News articles about "Matter"

Bold move forward in molecular analyses

Molecular, molecular
A dramatic leap forward in the ability of scientists to study the structural states of macromolecules such as proteins and nanoparticles in solution has been achieved by a pair of researchers with the U S ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

How trees play role in smog production

Smog
After years of scientific uncertainty and speculation researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show exactly how trees help create one of society's predominant environmental and health concerns air pollution Share This ... - Read More

A simple solution to air pollution from wood-burning cookstoves

Solution
Billions of people worldwide burn animal dung crop residues wood and charcoal to cook their meals And the chemicals produced and inhaled sicken or kill millions At particular risk are women who prepare their families' ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

New matter-antimatter difference observed in LHCb experiment at CERN

Matter, Matter
The LHCb collaboration at CERN today submitted a paper to Physical Review Letters on the first observation of matter antimatter asymmetry in the decays of the particle known as the B0s It is only the ... - Read More

Microscopic dust particles found in underground railways may pose health risk

New research from the University of Southampton has found that working or travelling on an underground railway for a sustained period of time could have health implications Share This See Also Workplace Health Health Policy ... - Read More

Source of organic matter affects Bay water quality

organic matter
Each time it rains runoff carries an earthy tea steeped from leaf litter crop residue soil and other organic materials into the storm drains and streams that feed Chesapeake Bay Share This See Also Sustainability ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

The Human Immune System in Space

When the space shuttle Atlantis touched down in the summer of 2011 at Cape Canaveral closing the book on the U S shuttle program a team of U S Army researchers stood at the ready ... - Read More

Research harnesses solar-powered proteins to filter harmful antibiotics from water

antibiotics, antibiotics
New research just published details how University of Cincinnati researchers have developed and tested a solar powered nano filter that is able to remove harmful carcinogens and antibiotics from water sources lakes and rivers at ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Long-term exposure to fine particles of traffic pollution increases risk of heart disease

The association between road traffic and heart disease has been suggested in several studies In 2012 a large prospective cohort study from Denmark showed that traffic noise was significantly associated with risk of heart attack ... - Read More

Global warming: 'Black carbon' flowing from soil to oceans

A smaller proportion of black carbon created during combustion will remain in soil than have been estimated before Contrary to previous understanding burying black carbon in the ground in order to restrain climate change will ... - Read More

Scientists produce best image yet of atoms moving in real time

Time
Call it the ultimate nature documentary Scientists at the University of Toronto have recorded atomic motions in real time offering a glimpse into the very essence of chemistry and biology at the atomic level Share ... - Read More

Surprising findings on hydrogen production in green algae

New research fuels hope of efficient hydrogen production with green algae being possible in the future despite the prevailing scepticism based on previous research The study changes the view on the potential of green algae ... - Read More

Diamond as a building material for optical circuits

Building, Diamond
The application of light for information processing opens up a multitude of possibilities However to be able to adequately use photons in circuits and sensors materials need to have particular optical and mechanical properties Researchers ... - Read More

Transparent brain using hydrogel process

Molecular, molecular
Combining neuroscience and chemical engineering researchers at Stanford University have developed a process that renders a mouse brain transparent The postmortem brain remains whole not sliced or sectioned in any way with its three dimensional ... - Read More

Pioneering study calculates Arctic Ocean nutrient budget

Ocean, Ocean
The first study of its kind to calculate the amount of nutrients entering and leaving the Arctic Ocean has been carried out by scientists based at the National Oceanography Centre Southampton Share This See Also ... - Read More
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