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News articles about "Matter"

PCBs are everywhere: Problem exists in industrial city and rural community

Community
Since polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs are produced through industrial processes or activities it is assumed that people living in industrial cities will have higher concentrations of these toxic chemicals in their blood than people in rural ... - Read More

PCB concentrations same in urban and rural areas

Community, Environment, Engineering
Since polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs are produced through industrial processes or activities it is assumed that people living in industrial cities will have higher concentrations of these toxic chemicals in their blood than people in rural ... - Read More

Device for portable, ultra-precise clocks and quantum sensors developed

In a joint project between the Universities of Strathclyde and Glasgow Imperial College London and the National Physical Laboratory researchers have developed a portable way to produce ultracold atoms for quantum technology and quantum information ... - Read More

The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data

sea
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that ... - Read More

Researchers design nanometer-scale material that can speed up, squeeze light

Nanometer, Nanometer, Nanometer
In a process one researcher compares to squeezing an elephant through a pinhole researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have designed a way to engineer atoms capable of funneling light through ultra small ... - Read More

Counter-intuitive behavior of microgel composed of soft polymer blobs

Being a physicist offers many perks For one it allows an understanding of the substances ubiquitous in everyday industrial products such as emulsions gels granular pastes or foams These are known for their intermediate behaviour ... - Read More

First snapshot of organisms eating each other: Feast clue to smell of ancient Earth

Smell
Tiny 1 900 million year old fossils from rocks around Lake Superior Canada give the first ever snapshot of organisms eating each other and suggest what the ancient Earth would have smelled like Share This ... - Read More

Bold move forward in molecular analyses

Molecular, molecular
A dramatic leap forward in the ability of scientists to study the structural states of macromolecules such as proteins and nanoparticles in solution has been achieved by a pair of researchers with the U S ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

How trees play role in smog production

Smog
After years of scientific uncertainty and speculation researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show exactly how trees help create one of society's predominant environmental and health concerns air pollution Share This ... - Read More

A simple solution to air pollution from wood-burning cookstoves

Solution
Billions of people worldwide burn animal dung crop residues wood and charcoal to cook their meals And the chemicals produced and inhaled sicken or kill millions At particular risk are women who prepare their families' ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

New matter-antimatter difference observed in LHCb experiment at CERN

Matter, Matter
The LHCb collaboration at CERN today submitted a paper to Physical Review Letters on the first observation of matter antimatter asymmetry in the decays of the particle known as the B0s It is only the ... - Read More

Microscopic dust particles found in underground railways may pose health risk

New research from the University of Southampton has found that working or travelling on an underground railway for a sustained period of time could have health implications Share This See Also Workplace Health Health Policy ... - Read More

Source of organic matter affects Bay water quality

organic matter
Each time it rains runoff carries an earthy tea steeped from leaf litter crop residue soil and other organic materials into the storm drains and streams that feed Chesapeake Bay Share This See Also Sustainability ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

The Human Immune System in Space

When the space shuttle Atlantis touched down in the summer of 2011 at Cape Canaveral closing the book on the U S shuttle program a team of U S Army researchers stood at the ready ... - Read More

Research harnesses solar-powered proteins to filter harmful antibiotics from water

antibiotics, antibiotics
New research just published details how University of Cincinnati researchers have developed and tested a solar powered nano filter that is able to remove harmful carcinogens and antibiotics from water sources lakes and rivers at ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More
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