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News articles about "Matter"

Lake Tahoe research provides new insights on global change

A Scripps Institution of Oceanography led study on how natural and human made sources of nitrogen are recycled through the Lake Tahoe ecosystem provides new information on how global change may affect the iconic blue ... - Read More

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Physicists offer a solution to the puzzle of the origin of matter in the universe

Most of the laws of nature treat particles and antiparticles equally but stars and planets are made of particles or matter and not antiparticles or antimatter That asymmetry which favors matter to a very small ... - Read More

Renewable energy obtained from wastewater

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have devised an efficient way to obtain electrical energy and hydrogen by using a wastewater treatment process The proposed system published in Water Research uses bacteria which consumes ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More

New catalyst to create chemical building blocks from biomass

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a novel selective catalyst that allows the creation of several basic chemicals from biomass instead of petroleum This discovery may lead to the use of plant biomass as a ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Clearing up Europe's air pollution hotspots

Current air quality legislation in Europe will lead to significant improvements in particulate matter pollution but without further emission control efforts many areas of Europe will continue to see air pollution levels above the limits ... - Read More

New technique for making graphene competitor, molybdenum disulfide

Graphene a single atom thick lattice of carbon atoms is often touted as a replacement for silicon in electronic devices due to its extremely high conductivity and unbeatable thinness But graphene is not the only ... - Read More

Searching for signs of a force from the 'dark side' in particle collisions

Scientists searching for signs of elusive dark photons as an explanation for an anomaly in a groundbreaking physics experiment have nearly ruled out their role Though the postulated particles could still exist as carriers of ... - Read More

Scientists find strongest natural material known to humans

Limpet teeth might be the strongest natural material known to humans a new study has found Researchers from the University of Portsmouth have discovered that limpets small aquatic snail like creatures with conical shells have ... - Read More

Experimental 'short cut' reduces from millennia to minutes the time needed to measure glass viscosity

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the MATGAS research centre the Universitá di Roma La Sapienza and the Politecnico di Milano have designed a method which indirectly measures the viscosity of glass something ... - Read More

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers

Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More

Spiky 'hedgehog particles' for safer paints, fewer VOC emissions

A new process that can sprout microscopic spikes on nearly any type of particle may lead to more environmentally friendly paints and a variety of other innovations Made by a team of University of Michigan ... - Read More

Spiky 'Hedgehog Particles' for Safer Paints, Fewer VOC Emissions

A new process that can sprout microscopic spikes on nearly any type of particle may lead to more environmentally friendly paints and a variety of other innovations Made by a team of University of Michigan ... - Read More

Soils could keep contaminants in wastewater from reaching groundwater, streams

With endocrine disrupting compounds affecting fish populations in rivers as close as Pennsylvania's Susquehanna and as far away as Israel's Jordan a new research study shows that soils can filter out and break down at ... - Read More

Antibiotics, bacteria, resistance genes found in dust from feedlots

After testing dust in the air near cattle feedlots in the Southern High Plains researchers at The Institute of Environmental and Human Health at Texas Tech University found evidence of antibiotics feedlot derived bacteria and ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More
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