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News articles about "Materials"

First artificial enzyme created by evolution in a test tube

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme
There's a wobbly new biochemical structure in Burckhard Seelig's lab at the University of Minnesota that may resemble what enzymes looked like billions of years ago when life on earth began to evolve long before ... - Read More

Mechanism behind wear at atomic scale

Atomic, Wear
Wear is a fact of life As surfaces rub against one another they break down and lose their original shape With less material to start with and functionality that often depends critically on shape and ... - Read More

Reconcilable differences: Study uncovers the common ground of scientific opposites

Searching for common elements in seemingly incompatible scientific theories may lead to the discovery of new ones that revolutionize our understanding of the world Share This See Also Quantum Physics Physics Quantum Computing Quantum Computers ... - Read More

New genre of 'intelligent' micro- and nanomotors

Engineering
Enzymes workhorse molecules of life that underpin almost every biological process may have a new role as intelligent micro and nanomotors with applications in medicine engineering and other fields That's the topic of a report ... - Read More

Scientists Unravel the Mysteries of Spider Silk

Released 1 28 2013 2 10 PM ESTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Jan 30 2013 Scientists at ASU are celebrating their recent success on ... - Read More

Engineers solve a biological mystery and boost artificial intelligence

Engineering
By simulating 25 000 generations of evolution within computers Cornell University engineering and robotics researchers have discovered why biological networks tend to be organized as modules a finding that will lead to a deeper understanding ... - Read More

Tomorrow's life-saving medications may currently be living at the bottom of the sea

OHSU researchers in partnership with scientists from several other institutions have published two new research papers that signal how the next class of powerful medications may currently reside at the bottom of the ocean In ... - Read More

Antarctic lake beneath the ice sheet tested

Water, Water
In a first of its kind feat of science and engineering a National Science Foundation NSF funded research team has successfully drilled through 800 meters 2 600 feet of Antarctic ice to reach a subglacial ... - Read More

New options for transparent contact electrodes

Materials
Found in flat screens solar modules or in new organic light emitting diode LED displays transparent electrodes have become ubiquitous Typically they consist of metal oxides like In2O3 SnO2 ZnO and TiO2 Share This See ... - Read More

Scientists trick iron-eating bacteria into breathing electrons instead

Scientists have developed a way to grow iron oxidizing bacteria using electricity instead of iron an advance that will allow them to better study the organisms and could one day be used to turn electricity ... - Read More

Irrigation in California's Central Valley intensifies rainfall, storms across the Southwest

Water, Water
Agricultural irrigation in California's Central Valley doubles the amount of water vapor pumped into the atmosphere ratcheting up rainfall and powerful monsoons across the interior Southwest according to a new study by UC Irvine scientists ... - Read More

Shedding light on role of Amazon forests in global carbon cycle

Light, Carbon
Earth's forests perform a well known service to the planet absorbing a great deal of the carbon dioxide pollution emitted into the atmosphere from human activities But when trees are killed by natural disturbances such ... - Read More

Nanophotonics enables new kind of optical spectrometer

Spectrometer, Nanophotonics
By bringing nanophotonics technology to traditional optical spectroscopy a new kind of optical spectrometer with functions of sensing and spectral measurement has been recently demonstrated by a research team at The University of Alabama in ... - Read More

Safer way to vaccinate? Polymer film that gradually releases DNA coding for viral proteins may beat traditional vaccines

DNA, Proteins, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, Proteins
Vaccines usually consist of inactivated viruses that prompt the immune system to remember the invader and launch a strong defense if it later encounters the real thing However this approach can be too risky with ... - Read More

Bugs in the Atmosphere: Significant microorganism populations found in middle and upper troposphere

Microorganism
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind researchers used genomic techniques to document the presence of significant numbers of living microorganisms principally bacteria in the middle and upper troposphere that ... - Read More

Slow-release 'jelly' delivers drugs better

Duke University biomedical engineers have developed a new delivery system that overcomes the shortcomings of a promising class of peptide drugs very small proteins for treating diseases such as diabetes and cancer Share This See ... - Read More

'Scarecrow' gene: Key to efficient crops, could lead to staple crops with much higher yields

Gene
With projections of 9.5 billion people by 2050 humankind faces the challenge of feeding modern diets to additional mouths while using the same amounts of water fertilizer and arable land as today Share This See ... - Read More

A Material That Most Liquids Won't Wet

chemicals used in refrigerators and air conditioners In Tuteja's lab in a demonstration the surface repelled coffee soy sauce and vegetable oil as well as toxic hydrochloric and sulfuric acids that could burn skin Tuteja ... - Read More

Bioinspired fibers change color when stretched

Engineering
A team of materials scientists at Harvard University and the University of Exeter UK have invented a new fiber that changes color when stretched Inspired by nature the researchers identified and replicated the unique structural ... - Read More

Central Valley irrigation intensifies rainfall, storms across the Southwest

Water, Water
Agricultural irrigation in California's Central Valley doubles the amount of water vapor pumped into the atmosphere ratcheting up rainfall and powerful monsoons across the interior Southwest according to a new study by UC Irvine scientists ... - Read More
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