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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Atomic-scale investigations solve key puzzle of LED efficiency

Atomic
From the high resolution glow of flat screen televisions to light bulbs that last for years light emitting diodes LEDs continue to transform technology The celebrated efficiency and versatility of LEDs and other solid state ... - Read More

A quantum simulator for magnetic materials

Physicists understand perfectly well why a fridge magnet sticks to certain metallic surfaces But there are more exotic forms of magnetism whose properties remain unclear despite decades of intense research An important step towards filling ... - Read More

Stitching defects into world’s thinnest semiconductor

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
In pioneering new research at Columbia University scientists have grown high quality crystals of molybdenum disulfide MoS2 the world's thinnest semiconductor and studied how these crystals stitch together at the atomic scale to form continuous ... - Read More

Spheres can form squares

Surface tension
Everybody who has tried to stack oranges in a box knows that a regular packing of spheres in a flat layer naturally leads to a hexagonal pattern where each sphere is surrounded by six neighbours ... - Read More

Quest for quantum computing advanced

Research teams from UW Milwaukee and the University of York investigating the properties of ultra thin films of new materials are helping bring quantum computing one step closer to reality An on going collaboration between ... - Read More

Carbon capture: Making use of minerals

Ammonium salts could provide a viable way of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere via carbon mineralization Removing excess carbon dioxide CO2 from the atmosphere may be essential to curb severe climate change Possible but ... - Read More

Fast new, one-step genetic engineering technology

A new streamlined approach to genetic engineering drastically reduces the time and effort needed to insert new genes into bacteria the workhorses of biotechnology scientists are reporting Published in the journal ACS Synthetic Biology the ... - Read More

Tropical upper atmosphere 'fingerprint' of global warming

Global warming, Atmosphere, Global warming, Atmosphere
In the tropics at heights more than 10 miles above the surface the prevailing winds alternate between strong easterlies and strong westerlies roughly every other year This slow heartbeat in the tropical upper atmosphere referred ... - Read More

New technique may open up an era of atomic-scale semiconductor devices

Atomic
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating high quality semiconductor thin films at the atomic scale meaning the films are only one atom thick The technique can be used ... - Read More

Polymer breakthrough inspired by trees and ancient celtic knots

Polymer
A new slow motion method of controlling the synthesis of polymers which takes inspiration from both trees and Celtic Knots opens up new possibilities in areas including medical devices drug delivery elastics and adhesives Scientists ... - Read More

Engineers devise new way to produce clean hydrogen

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Duke University engineers have developed a novel method for producing clean hydrogen which could prove essential to weaning society off of fossil fuels and their environmental implications While hydrogen is ubiquitous in the environment producing ... - Read More

New method for producing clean hydrogen

Duke University engineers have developed a novel method for producing clean hydrogen which could prove essential to weaning society off of fossil fuels and their environmental implications While hydrogen is ubiquitous in the environment producing ... - Read More

New method for tailoring optical processors

Optical, Optical
Rice University scientists have unveiled a robust new method for arranging metal nanoparticles in geometric patterns that can act as optical processors that transform incoming light signals into output of a different color The breakthrough ... - Read More

Scientists uncover how grapefruits provide a secret weapon in medical drug delivery

Medical, Drug delivery
Lipids right panel first three tubes derived from grapefruit GNVs can efficiently deliver a variety of therapeutic agents including DNA RNA DIR GNVs proteins and anti cancer drugs GNVs Drugs as demonstrated in this study ... - Read More

Opening doors to foldable electronics with inkjet-printed graphene

Imagine a bendable tablet computer or an electronic newspaper that could fold to fit in a pocket The technology for these devices may not be so far off Northwestern University researchers have recently developed a ... - Read More

Kinks and curves at the nanoscale: New research shows 'perfect twin boundaries' are not so perfect

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
One of the basic principles of nanotechnology is that when you make things extremely small one nanometer is about five atoms wide 100 000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair they are ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

Advance in nanotech gene sequencing technique

Nanotech
The allure of personalized medicine has made new more efficient ways of sequencing genes a top research priority One promising technique involves reading DNA bases using changes in electrical current as they are threaded through ... - Read More

Add boron for better batteries

Lithium
Frustration led to revelation when Rice University scientists determined how graphene might be made useful for high capacity batteries Calculations by the Rice lab of theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson found a graphene boron anode should ... - Read More

Team wins Cubesat berth to gather Earth energy imbalance measurements

Earth, earth
A team of scientists has won a berth on a tiny satellite to explore one of NASA's most important frontiers in climate studies the imbalance in Earth's energy budget and the extent to which fast ... - Read More
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