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News articles about "Materials"

Residential lawns efflux more carbon dioxide than corn fields, study finds

More carbon dioxide is released from residential lawns than corn fields according to a new study And much of the difference can likely be attributed to soil temperature The data from researchers at Elizabethtown College ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Fertilizer That Fizzles in a Homemade Bomb Could Save Lives Around the World

doesn’t make sense ” he said Danger to soldiers Sandia could have patented the formula but opted to waive ownership rights for humanitarian reasons “One of Sandia’s priorities is deploying the technologies that result from ... - Read More

Special E. coli bacteria produce diesel on demand

Bacteria, bacteria
It sounds like science fiction but a team from the University of Exeter with support from Shell has developed a method to make bacteria produce diesel on demand While the technology still faces many significant ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Biological activity alters the ability of sea spray to seed clouds

sea, biological
Ocean biology alters the chemical composition of sea spray in ways that influence its ability to form clouds over the ocean That's the conclusion of a team of scientists using a new approach to study ... - Read More

Scientists cage dead zebras in Africa to understand the spread of anthrax

Bacteria, bacteria
Scavengers might not play as key a role in spreading anthrax through wildlife populations as previously assumed according to findings from a small study conducted in Etosha National Park in northern Namibia Share This See ... - Read More

Scientists map all possible drug-like chemical compounds: Library of millions of small, carbon-based molecules chemists might synthesize

molecules, Chemical compounds, Compounds, Synthesize
Drug developers may have a new tool to search for more effective medications and new materials Share This See Also Chemistry Organic Chemistry Computer Programming Communications Chemical compound Molecule Chemical bond Resonance chemistry It's a ... - Read More

Rivers act as 'horizontal cooling towers' for power plants, study finds

Plants, plants
Running two computer models in tandem scientists from the University of New Hampshire have detailed for the first time how thermoelectric power plants interact with climate hydrology and aquatic ecosystems throughout the northeastern U S ... - Read More

Middle-schoolers discover novel chemical bond

Students from the Dedham School in Dedham Maine were participants in the Aspirnaut program a science outreach program started at Vanderbilt University in which scientists engage with middle and high school students through videoconferencing Share ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating carbon dioxide emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More

Research harnesses solar-powered proteins to filter harmful antibiotics from water

antibiotics, antibiotics
New research just published details how University of Cincinnati researchers have developed and tested a solar powered nano filter that is able to remove harmful carcinogens and antibiotics from water sources lakes and rivers at ... - Read More

Nitrogen has key role in estimating CO2 emissions from land use change

Emissions
A new global scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen a key nutrient for plants estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies ... - Read More

Massive amounts of charcoal enter the worlds' oceans

Oceans
Wild fire residue is washed out of the soil and transported to the sea by rivers Share This See Also Global Warming Geochemistry Forest Climate Environmental Issues Air Quality Sediment Soil science Carbon cycle Activated ... - Read More

Revolutionary new device joins world of smart electronics: New flexible, transparent, photosensitive device

Smart electronics are taking the world by storm From techno textiles to transparent electronic displays the world of intelligent technology is growing fast and a revolutionary new device has just been added to its ranks ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Long-term exposure to fine particles of traffic pollution increases risk of heart disease

The association between road traffic and heart disease has been suggested in several studies In 2012 a large prospective cohort study from Denmark showed that traffic noise was significantly associated with risk of heart attack ... - Read More

Global warming: 'Black carbon' flowing from soil to oceans

A smaller proportion of black carbon created during combustion will remain in soil than have been estimated before Contrary to previous understanding burying black carbon in the ground in order to restrain climate change will ... - Read More

Pollution plumes in Paris air are richer in gaseous aromatic compounds than in Los Angeles

Aromatic, Compounds
What is the origin of the volatile hydrocarbons other than methane present in city air Mainly gasoline powered vehicles 1 according to a study carried out by a French US team 2 including French researchers ... - Read More

Nanoparticles found in everyday items can inhibit fat storage: Gold nanoparticles accelerate aging

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
New research reveals that pure gold nanoparticles found in everyday items such as personal care products as well as drug delivery MRI contrast agents and solar cells can inhibit adipose fat storage and lead to ... - Read More
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