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News articles about "Materials"

Sweet smell of success: Researchers boost methyl ketone production in e. coli

Two years ago researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute JBEI engineered Escherichia coli E coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones a class of chemical compounds ... - Read More

Copper on the Brain at Rest

Released 26 Nov 2014 12 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Dec 3 2014 In recent years it has been ... - Read More

A Better Look at the Chemistry of Interfaces

Released 2 Dec 2014 1 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature CommunicationsDec 3 2014 Researchers working at the ... - Read More

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion

Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

NASA’s Orion spacecraft arrives at launch pad, hoisted onto rocket ahead of its first spaceflight

NASA's new Orion spacecraft now is at its launch pad after completing its penultimate journey in the early hours Wednesday It arrived at Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida ... - Read More

A coating that protects against heat and oxidation

Researchers have developed a coating technique that they plan to use to protect turbine engine and waste incinerator components against heat and oxidation A topcoat from micro scaled hollow aluminium oxide spheres provides heat insulation ... - Read More

Biochemists build largest synthetic molecular 'cage' ever

UCLA biochemists have created the largest ever protein that self assembles into a molecular cage The research could lead to synthetic vaccines that protect people from the flu HIV and other diseases At a size ... - Read More

Spiraling light, nanoparticles and insights into life’s structure

As hands come in left and right versions that are mirror images of each other so do the amino acids and sugars within us But unlike hands only the left oriented amino acids and the ... - Read More

Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More

Molecules that came in handy for first life on Earth

For the first time chemists have successfully produced amino acid like molecules that all have the same 'handedness' from simple building blocks and in a single test tube Could this be how life started On ... - Read More

A green transformation for pharmaceuticals

A more sustainable approach to a bond forming reaction extensively used in the pharmaceutical and fine chemical industries has been developed by an international research team led by A*STAR The team used the solvent free ... - Read More

Physicists bind single-atom sheets with the same force geckos use to climb walls

Physicists at the University of Kansas have fabricated an innovative substance from two different atomic sheets that interlock much like Lego toy bricks The researchers said the new material made of a layer of graphene ... - Read More

Researchers develop efficient method to produce nanoporous metals

Nanoporous metals foam like materials that have some degree of air vacuum in their structure have a wide range of applications because of their superior qualities They posses a high surface area for better electron ... - Read More

Mimics do not substitute for the 'real thing' for bomb-sniffing dogs

Canines trained on pseudo explosives could not reliably identify the genuine article and vice versa When it comes to teaching dogs how to sniff out explosives there's nothing quite like the real thing to make ... - Read More

Scientists do glass a solid, with new theory on how it transitions from a liquid

How does glass transition from a liquid to its familiar solid state How does this common material transport heat and sound And what microscopic changes occur when a glass gains rigidity as it cools A ... - Read More

Physicists and chemists work to improve digital memory technology

The improvements in random access memory that have driven many advances of the digital age owe much to the innovative application of physics and chemistry at the atomic scale Accordingly a team led by UNL ... - Read More
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