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News articles about "Materials"

Revealing hidden fungal species using DNA: The importance of recognizing cryptic diversity

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Our ability to assess biological diversity ecosystem health ecological interactions and a wide range of other important processes is largely dependent on accurately recognizing species However identifying and describing species is not always a straightforward ... - Read More

Perfectly doped quantum dots yield 'colors to dye for'

Yield, Quantum dots
Quantum dots are tiny nanocrystals with extraordinary optical and electrical properties with possible uses in dye production bioimaging and solar energy production Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a way to ... - Read More

Heady mathematics: Describing popping bubbles in a foam

Foam
Bubble baths and soapy dishwater the refreshing head on a beer and the luscious froth on a cappuccino All are foams beautiful yet ephemeral as the bubbles pop one by one Two University of California ... - Read More

PCBs are everywhere: Problem exists in industrial city and rural community

Community
Since polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs are produced through industrial processes or activities it is assumed that people living in industrial cities will have higher concentrations of these toxic chemicals in their blood than people in rural ... - Read More

PCB concentrations same in urban and rural areas

Community, Environment, Engineering
Since polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs are produced through industrial processes or activities it is assumed that people living in industrial cities will have higher concentrations of these toxic chemicals in their blood than people in rural ... - Read More

Lucky bacteria strike it rich during formation of treatment-resistant colonies: Research could help in battle against infections that do not respond to powerful drugs

In biology we often think of natural selection and survival of the fittest What about survival of the luckiest Like pioneers in search of a better life bacteria on a surface wander around and often ... - Read More

'Invisibility cloak' for thermal flow constructed

Heat
By means of special metamaterials light and sound can be passed around objects KIT researchers now succeeded in demonstrating that the same materials can also be used to specifically influence the propagation of heat A ... - Read More

Researchers find a way to make steel without greenhouse-gas emissions

Anyone who has seen pictures of the giant red hot cauldrons in which steel is made fed by vast amounts of carbon and belching flame and smoke would not be surprised to learn that steelmaking ... - Read More

Cleaner, low temperature nuclear fuels?

The search for cleaner low temperature nuclear fuels has produced a shock result for a team of experts at The University of Nottingham First they created a stable version of a 'trophy molecule' that has ... - Read More

20-million-year-old amber shatters theories of glass as a liquid

Glass
Fact or fiction Stained glass found in medieval cathedrals becomes thicker at the bottom because glass moves over time For years researchers have had their doubts now a team at Texas Tech University has further ... - Read More

Ubiquitous engineered nanomaterials can cause lung inflammation: Substances are used in everything from paint to sporting equipment

Substances
A consortium of scientists from across the country has found that breathing ultrafine particles from a large family of materials that increasingly are found in a host of household and commercial products from sunscreens to ... - Read More

In vivo flexible large scale integrated circuits developed

In vivo
A team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST has developed in vivo silicon based flexible large scale integrated circuits LSI for bio medical wireless communication ... - Read More

Unique method for creating uniform nanoparticles developed

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
University of Illinois researchers have developed a new way to produce highly uniform nanocrystals used for both fundamental and applied nanotechnology projects We have developed a unique approach for the synthesis of highly uniform icosahedral ... - Read More

Improving materials that convert heat to electricity and vice-versa: Turning waste heat into electricity

Heat
Thermoelectric materials can be used to turn waste heat into electricity or to provide refrigeration without any liquid coolants and a research team from the University of Michigan has found a way to nearly double ... - Read More

Microwave oven cooks up solar cell material

Microwave
University of Utah metallurgists used an old microwave oven to produce a nanocrystal semiconductor rapidly using cheap abundant and less toxic metals than other semiconductors They hope it will be used for more efficient photovoltaic ... - Read More

Potential of best practice to reduce impacts from oil and gas projects in the Amazon

Gas
Hydrocarbon exploration and production continues to press into the most remote corners of the western Amazon one of the most biologically and culturally diverse zones on Earth A new best practice framework that combines technical ... - Read More

Discovery of new gigantic swelling phenomenon of layered crystal driven by water

A research group at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics MANA of NIMS discovered an intriguing phenomenon in which an inorganic layered crystal expanded and contracted by 100 times its original size in a few ... - Read More

'Dark oxidants' form away from sunlight in lake and ocean depths, underground soils

Ocean, Sunlight, Sunlight, Ocean
Breathing oxygen can be hazardous to your health Share This See Also Extreme Survival Bacteria Fish Geochemistry Earth Science Caving Microorganism Antioxidant Saliva Oxygen Indeed our bodies aren't perfect They make mistakes among them producing ... - Read More

'Going negative' pays for nanotubes

Carbon, carbon
A Rice University laboratory's cagey strategy turns negatively charged carbon nanotubes into liquid crystals that could enhance the creation of fibers and films Share This See Also Graphene Nanotechnology Organic Chemistry Chemistry Materials Science Nature ... - Read More

Lava erupting on sea floor linked to deep-carbon cycle

sea
Scientists from the Smithsonian and the University of Rhode Island have found unsuspected linkages between the oxidation state of iron in volcanic rocks and variations in the chemistry of the deep Earth Not only do ... - Read More
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