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News articles about "Materials"

New laser-based tool could dramatically improve the accuracy of brain tumor surgery

tumor
A new laser based technology may make brain tumor surgery much more accurate allowing surgeons to tell cancer tissue from normal brain at the microscopic level while they are operating and avoid leaving behind cells ... - Read More

Electronics advance moves closer to a world beyond silicon

Silicon
Researchers in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University have made a significant advance in the function of metal insulator metal or MIM diodes a technology premised on the assumption that the speed of ... - Read More

Engineers make golden breakthrough to improve electronic devices

Engineering
A Kansas State University chemical engineer has discovered that a new member of the ultrathin materials family has great potential to improve electronic and thermal devices Vikas Berry William H Honstead professor of chemical engineering ... - Read More

Size matters as nanocrystals go through phases

Phases, nanocrystals
Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications ... - Read More

Nanoparticles: Polymer knots with silicon hearts

Protein based drugs show promising activity against many hard to treat targets Getting these biomolecules past the body's numerous defenses however requires innovative technology such as drug delivering nanoparticles Polylactic acid PLA is a potential ... - Read More

Imaging: A brighter future for cell tracking

A research team in Asia has developed a method for tracking or 'tracing' cells that overcomes the limitations of existing methods The team's fluorescent organic tracers will provide researchers with a non invasive tool to ... - Read More

New sensor is almost as sensitive as a dog's nose

Light, Light
Scientists at ETH Zurich and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL in California have developed an innovative sensor for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy SERS Thanks to its unique surface properties at nanoscale the method can ... - Read More

Reproducing nature's chemistry: Researchers alter molecular properties in a new way

In their search for molecules with certain characteristics chemists have produced millions of new increasingly complex synthetic materials by altering molecules' chemical structures Taking cues from nature Northwestern University researchers have recently tested a new ... - Read More

A completely new atomic crystal dynamic of the white pigment titanium dioxide discovered

Atomic, Crystal
An international team of researchers at Vienna University of Technology in Austria and at Princeton University in the USA has confirmed theoretically predicted interactions between single oxygen molecules and crystalline titanium dioxide The results which ... - Read More

Transparent artificial muscle plays music to prove a point

materials, Materials
In a materials science laboratory at Harvard University a transparent disk connected to a laptop fills the room with music it's the Morning prelude from Peer Gynt played on an ionic speaker No ordinary speaker ... - Read More

Existence of new element confirmed

Element, Element
An international team of researchers led by physicists from Lund University has confirmed the existence of what is considered a new element with atomic number 115. The experiment was conducted at the GSI research facility ... - Read More

Patent shows promise for improved method of carbon capture

Carbon, carbon
An innovative method for stripping greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide from industrial emissions is potentially cheaper and more efficient than current methods according to a United States patent based on research by Dr Jason ... - Read More

Producing hydrogen from water with carbon/charcoal powder

Carbon, carbon
In the latest advance in efforts to find an inexpensive way to make hydrogen from ordinary water one of the keys to the much discussed hydrogen economy scientists are reporting that powder from high grade ... - Read More

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

Combination of two imaging techniques allows new insights into brain function

The ability to measure brain functions non invasively is important both for clinical diagnoses and research in Neurology and Psychology Two main imaging techniques are used positron emission tomography PET which reveals metabolic processes in ... - Read More

Explanation for strange magnetic behavior at semiconductor interfaces

They're not exactly the peanut butter and jelly of semiconductors but when you put them together something magical happens Alone neither lanthanum aluminate nor strontium titanate exhibit any particularly notable properties But when they are ... - Read More

Worldwide ban on flame retardant

Plastics
The flame retardant HBCD may no longer be produced or used This was decided by representatives from over 160 countries in late May at a UN conference on chemicals in Geneva Empa's extensive research on ... - Read More

Molecular switch changes liquid crystal colors

Dartmouth researchers have developed a molecular switch that changes a liquid crystal's readout color based on a chemical input This new development may open the way for using liquid crystals in detecting harmful gases pathogens ... - Read More

Rattling ions limit heat flow in materials used to reduce carbon emissions

A new study published today in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy Led by scientists ... - Read More

Growth of disorder of electrons measured in dual temperature system

Researchers at Aalto University Finland and the University of Tokyo have succeeded for the first time in experimentally measuring a probability distribution for entropy production of electrons Entropy production means an increase in disorder when ... - Read More
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