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News articles about "Materials"

Clarification of dynamical process of aluminum surface oxidation

Reaction, Reaction, Adsorption, Adsorption
Dr Mitsunori Kurahashi a Principal Researcher of the NIMS Nano Characterization Unit and Dr Yasushi Yamauchi a Group Leader in the same unit presented decisive evidence clarifying the dynamical process of aluminum surface oxidation by ... - Read More

New concept for biofuel cells: Tree fungus lets current flow

Sabine Sané doctoral candidate in the research training group Micro Energy Harvesting at the Department of Microsystems Engineering IMTEK of the University of Freiburg has found a way to make a species of tree fungus ... - Read More

Treating oil spills with chemical dispersants: Is the cure worse than the ailment?

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
Treating oil spills at sea with chemical dispersants is detrimental to European sea bass A new study to be presented at the Society for Experimental Biology meeting in Valencia on July 6 suggests that although ... - Read More

Scientists reveal structure of a supercooled liquid

Structure, Structure
The experimental work which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility DESY in Hamburg involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x rays from one of ... - Read More

Radically better smarphones may be possible using system inspired by bird migration: Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields

System
Researchers of MESA+ the research institute for nanotechnology of the University of Twente in cooperation with researchers of the University of Strasbourg and Eindhoven University of Technology are the first to successfully create perfect one ... - Read More

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on Earth

Atomic, System
The radioactive element astatine the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability ' is so rare on Earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and as ... - Read More

Antifreeze, cheap materials may lead to low-cost solar energy

Solar energy
A process combining some comparatively cheap materials and the same antifreeze that keeps an automobile radiator from freezing in cold weather may be the key to making solar cells that cost less and avoid toxic ... - Read More

Cell membranes: Synthetics save time and cut costs

Screening for critical drug targets known as G protein coupled receptors GPCRs is now possible without the need to extract these proteins from their native cells Extraction requires the use of stabilizing lipids which damage ... - Read More

Smart anticancer 'nanofiber mesh'

Anticancer drugs
A MANA research team has developed a new nanofiber mesh which is capable of simultaneously realizing thermotherapy hyperthermia and chemotherapy treatment with anticancer drugs of tumors They succeeded in efficiently inducing natural death apoptosis of ... - Read More

New method to generate Laughlin states with atomic systems

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred to the discovery of a new type of quantum fluid with fractional charge excitations known as Laughlin state The production of this quantum state which explains ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers allow precision control of enzymes

enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, enzymes
Tweezers are a handy instrument when it comes to removing a splinter or plucking an eyebrow In new research Hao Yan and his colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute describe a pair of tweezers ... - Read More

Solving electron transfer

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom It is the foundation of all chemical reactions and is of intense research because of the implications it has for ... - Read More

New Catalyst Could Cut Cost of Making Hydrogen Fuel

Released 7 2 2013 2 15 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Jul 2 2013 MADISON – A discovery at the University of Wisconsin Madison may represent a significant ... - Read More

Designing a cleaner future: Bicyclean helps recycle e-waste in developing nations

developing
A slum on the outskirts of Accra Ghana received major media attention in 2010 and 2011 when the outside world realized where computers go to die In an area called Agbogbloshie impoverished residents were burning ... - Read More

Superconductor created from solvent

A study led by Washington State University researchers has turned a fairly common non metallic solvent into a superconductor capable of transmitting electrical current with none of the resistance seen in conventional conductors It is ... - Read More

Surprise superconductor

Superconductivity is a rare physical state in which matter is able to conduct electricity maintain a flow of electrons without any resistance This phenomenon can only be found in certain materials under specific low temperature ... - Read More

Polymer coatings a key step toward oral delivery of protein-based drugs

Oral, Polymer
For protein based drugs such as insulin to be taken orally rather than injected bioengineers need to find a way to shuttle them safely through the stomach to the small intestine where they can be ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

No more leakage of explosive electrolytes in batteries

Electrolytes
A research team at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST S Korea found a new physical organogel electrolyte with two unique characteristics an irreversible thermal gelation and a high value of the Li+ ... - Read More

New low-cost, transparent electrodes

Indium tin oxide ITO has become a standard material in light emitting diodes flat panel plasma displays electronic ink and other applications because of its high performance moisture resistance and capacity for being finely etched ... - Read More
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