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News articles about "Materials"

Light-emitting diode tech: Solving molybdenum disulfide's 'thin' problem

The promising new material molybdenum disulfide MoS2 has an inherent issue that's steeped in irony The material's greatest asset its monolayer thickness is also its biggest challenge Monolayer MoS2's ultra thin structure is strong lightweight ... - Read More

Misuse of sustainability concept may lead to even more toxic chemical materials

Replacement of toxic chemical components by non toxic natural analogs is a popular approach in sustainable projects The study carried out at Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry Moscow has shown that partial replacement of chemical ... - Read More

Nanofibers twisted together to create structures tougher than bullet proof vests

Researchers at the University of Texas at Dallas have created new structures that exploit the electromechanical properties of specific nanofibers to stretch to up to seven times their length while remaining tougher than Kevlar These ... - Read More

Using magnetic fields to understand high-temperature superconductivity

Taking our understanding of quantum matter to new levels scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are exposing high temperature superconductors to very high magnetic fields changing the temperature at which the materials become perfectly conducting ... - Read More

Novel plastic could spur new green energy applications, 'artificial muscles'

A plastic used in filters and tubing has an unusual trait It can produce electricity when pulled or pressed This ability has been used in small ways but now researchers are coaxing fibers of the ... - Read More

Simple method of binding pollutants in water

New types of membrane adsorbers remove unwanted particles from water and also at the same time dissolved substances such as the hormonally active bis phenol A or toxic lead To do this researchers at the ... - Read More

Agricultural waste could be used as biofuel

Straw powered cars could be a thing of the future thanks to new research from the University of East Anglia UEA A new study pinpoints five strains of yeast capable of turning agricultural by products ... - Read More

Surface-modified nanoparticles endow coatings with combined properties

Nanoparticles are specifically adapted to the particular application by Small Molecule Surface Modification SMSM Thereby surfaces of workpieces or mouldings are expected to exhibit several different functions at one and the same time Fabricators and ... - Read More

Novel nanoparticle therapy promotes wound healing

An experimental therapy developed by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University cut in half the time it takes to heal wounds compared to no treatment at all Details of the therapy ... - Read More

Chemists make new silicon-based nanomaterials

Chemists from Brown University have found a way to make new 2 D graphene like semiconducting nanomaterials using an old standby of the semiconductor world silicon In a paper published in the journal Nanoletters the ... - Read More

Magnetic quantum crystals

In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms MPQ scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg atoms Materials with a defined crystal structure are a familiar phenomenon in condensed matter physics A crystal exhibits a ... - Read More

Bacteria can use magnetic particles to create a 'natural battery'

New research shows bacteria can use tiny magnetic particles to effectively create a 'natural battery ' According to work published in journal Science on 27 March the bacteria can load electrons onto and discharge electrons ... - Read More

Nuclear weapon modernization program

Sandia National Laboratories has begun making silicon wafers for three nuclear weapon modernization programs the largest production series in the history of its Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications complex MESA's silicon fab in October began ... - Read More

Novel Plastic Could Spur New Green Energy Applications, 'Artificial Muscles'

Voit needs to make them more powerful One approach for accomplishing this was developed by a UT Dallas colleague Ray Baughman Ph D took a bundle of nylon fibers about the width of ten strands ... - Read More

Rethinking wetland restoration: Smaller wetlands more valuable than previously thought

Most efforts to protect and restore wetlands mistakenly focus on preserving only total wetland area with no consideration of ecosystem services provided by different wetland types according to a new study from the University of ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases unbalanced: How human intervention changes wetlands

Natural wetlands usually emit methane and sequester carbon dioxide Anthropogenic interventions in particular the conversion of wetlands for agriculture result in a significant increase in CO2 emissions which overcompensate potential decreases in methane emission A ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells

By figuring out how to precisely order the molecules that make up what scientists call organic glass the materials at the heart of some electronic displays light emitting diodes and solar cells a team of ... - Read More

Mimicking nature's chemistry to solve global environmental problems

What many people might call the daily laboratory grind Theodore Betley Ph D calls play As a student he developed a passion for lab work that could now pay off for the rest of the ... - Read More
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