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News articles about "Materials"

Interlayer distance in graphite oxide gradually changes when water is added

Physicists from Umeå University and Humboldt University in Berlin have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for half a century They show with the help of powerful microscopes that the distance between graphite oxide ... - Read More

Study helps unlock mystery of high-temp superconductors

A Binghamton University physicist and his colleagues say they have unlocked one key mystery surrounding high temperature superconductivity Their research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found a remarkable ... - Read More

Growth of metallic silver on surface of silver tungstate crystals as a result of electrosynthesis

The British journal Scientific Reports Nature has highlighted in its latest issue the work done by the Centre for Development of Functional Materials CDMF of Brazil and researchers from the group of Theoretical and Computational ... - Read More

Green spaces in cities may increase erosion of building materials such as stone, concrete and steel

Green spaces in towns and cities need extra consideration as they may be damaging buildings in the area according to new research from the Universities of Southampton and Surrey When organic chemicals from trees and ... - Read More

Smashing new look at nanoribbons: Researchers unzip nanotubes by shooting them at 15,000 mph

Carbon nanotubes unzipped into graphene nanoribbons by a chemical process invented at Rice University are finding use in all kinds of projects but Rice scientists have now found a chemical free way to unzip them ... - Read More

'Microbe sniffer' could point way to next-generation bio-refining

A new biosensor invented at the University of British Columbia could help optimize bio refining processes that produce fuels fine chemicals and advanced materials It works by sniffing out naturally occurring bacterial networks that are ... - Read More

Weave a cell phone into your shirt? Engineers envision an electronic switch just three atoms thick

Computer simulation shows how to make a crystal that would toggle like a light switch between conductive and non conductive structures this could lead to flexible electronic materials and enable a cell phone to be ... - Read More

'Molecular movies' will enable extraordinary gains in bioimaging, health research

Researchers have announced the creation of an imaging technology more powerful than anything that has existed before and is fast enough to observe life processes as they actually happen at the molecular level Chemical and ... - Read More

Enlightening cancer cells with optogenetics

Harald Janovjak Assistant Professor at IST Austria together with Michael Grusch Associate Professor at the Institute of Cancer Research of the Medical University of Vienna remote controlled the behaviour of cancer cells with light as ... - Read More

Muscle-powered bio-bots walk on command

A new generation of miniature biological robots is flexing its muscle Engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign demonstrated a class of walking bio bots powered by muscle cells and controlled with electrical ... - Read More

Solar panels light the way from carbon dioxide to fuel

Research to curb global warming caused by rising levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide usually involves three areas Developing alternative energy sources capturing and storing greenhouse gases and repurposing excess greenhouse gases ... - Read More

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Watching individual neurons respond to magnetic therapy

Engineers and neuroscientists at Duke University have developed a method to measure the response of an individual neuron to transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS of the brain The advance will help researchers understand the underlying physiological ... - Read More

Algae as chemical raw materials

Chemists and biologists at the University of Konstanz have succeeded in transforming algae oil into high quality chemical raw materials via so called isomerizing alkoxycarbonylation This provides the foundation for the use of algae as ... - Read More

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring

Setting effective conservation policies requires near real time knowledge of environmental conditions Scientists with Stanford's Center for Ocean Solutions propose using genetic techniques as a low cost quick way to collect such data Environmental policy ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Reigning in chaos in particle colliders yields big results

When beams with trillions of particles go zipping around at near light speed there's bound to be some chaos Limiting that chaos in particle colliders is crucial for the groundbreaking results such experiments are designed ... - Read More

To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing carbon dioxide emissions

The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert Among the climate pollutants humans put into the ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Princess and the Pea? Invisibility cloak prevents an object from being felt

In the past years invisibility cloaks were developed for various senses Objects can be hidden from light heat or sound However hiding of an object from being touched still remained to be accomplished KIT scientists ... - Read More
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