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News articles about "Materials"

Jet fuel ignition advancement

Researchers from MIPT Viktor Zhukov Vladislav Sechenov and Andrei Starikovsky have published experimental data on the combustion of jet fuel in the journal Fuel The results of their research are important for simulating processes in ... - Read More

Clues to trapping carbon dioxide in rock: Calcium carbonate takes multiple, simultaneous roads to different minerals

One of the most important molecules on earth calcium carbonate crystallizes into chalk shells and minerals the world over In a study led by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used a ... - Read More

Decoding the role of water in gold nanocatalysis: Secrets behind gold's unexpected oxidation activity uncovered

Researchers from the University of Houston and Trinity University have for the first time provided direct evidence of a water mediated reaction mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide The work used gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Artificial cells take their first steps: Movable cytoskeleton membrane fabricated for first time

Using only a few ingredients the biophysicist Prof Andreas Bausch and his team at the Technische Universität München TUM have successfully implemented a minimalistic model of the cell that can change its shape and move ... - Read More

Metallic alloy is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperatures

A new concept in metallic alloy design called high‐entropy alloys has yielded a multiple element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record but unlike most materials the toughness as ... - Read More

Ultra sensitive biosensor from molybdenite semiconductor developed

UC Santa Barbara researchers demonstrate atomically thin ultrasensitive and scalable molybdenum disulfide field effect transistor based biosensors and establish their potential for single molecule detection Move over graphene An atomically thin two dimensional ultrasensitive semiconductor ... - Read More

Continuing Bragg Legacy of Structure Determination

Released 5 Sep 2014 4 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Sep 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Adelaide more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature ... - Read More

Rethinking the Basic Science of Graphene Synthesis

Released 5 Sep 2014 9 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Sep 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Penn State Materials Research Institute more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Atomically Thin Material Gets Excited From Afar, Opening a Door for Integrated Nanophotonic Circuits

Released 4 Sep 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Rochester more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Optica DMR 1309734 DE FG02 05ER46207 DGE 0966089Sep 5 ... - Read More

Birth of a Mineral

or ACC which could be liquid or solid might also be a reservoir for sprouting minerals To find out the team created a miniature lab under a transmission electron microscope at the Molecular Foundry a ... - Read More

Charting the global invasion of crop pests

Many of the world's most important crop producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue according to a new study led by the University of ... - Read More

Watching the structure of glass under pressure

Glass has many applications that call for different properties such as resistance to thermal shock or to chemically harsh environments Glassmakers commonly use additives such as boron oxide to tweak these properties by changing the ... - Read More

New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits

A new research platform uses a laser to measure the nanomechanical properties of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating an approach likely to yield insights to improve designs for microelectronics and batteries This new technique ... - Read More

New solutions needed to recycle fracking water, experts say

Rice University scientists have performed a detailed analysis of water produced by hydraulic fracturing aka fracking of three gas reservoirs and suggested environmentally friendly remedies are needed to treat and reuse it Rice University researchers ... - Read More

Southwest U.S. may face 'megadrought' this century

Because of global warming scientists say the chances of the southwestern United States experiencing a decade long drought is at least 50 percent and the chances of a megadrought one that lasts over 30 years ... - Read More

Rubber meets the road with new carbon, battery technologies

Recycled tires could see new life in lithium ion batteries that provide power to plug in electric vehicles and store energy produced by wind and solar say researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge ... - Read More

Small molecule acts as on-off switch for nature's antibiotic factory: Tells Streptomyces to either veg out or get busy

Scientists have identified the developmental on off switch for Streptomyces a group of soil microbes that produce more than two thirds of the world's naturally derived antibiotic medicines Their hope now would be to see ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds are forever: Did comet collision leave layer of nanodiamonds across Earth?

Most of North America's megafauna mastodons short faced bears giant ground sloths saber toothed cats and American camels and horses disappeared close to 13 000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene period The ... - Read More

Second-hand e-cig smoke compared to regular cigarette smoke

Despite a 10 fold decrease in overall exposure to carcinogenic particulate matter researchers find increased levels of certain toxic metals in second hand smoke from e cigs E cigarettes are healthier for your neighbors than ... - Read More

All-in-one energy system offers greener power for off–grid homes, farms and businesses

An innovative 'trigeneration' system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid systems both in the UK and abroad Developed by a consortium led by ... - Read More
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