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News articles about "Materials"

Game changer for synthesizing new materials: Method synthesizes thousands of new compounds with ultra low thermal conductivity

Conductivity, Compounds, New materials
University of Oregon chemist David C Johnson likens his lab's newly published accomplishments to combining two flavors of ice cream vanilla and chocolate and churning out thousands of flavors to appeal to any taste bud ... - Read More

Chemists develop innovative nano-sensors for multiple proteins

Nano
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have developed a new method for parallel protein analysis that is in principle capable of identifying hundreds or even thousands of different proteins It could be used to ... - Read More

Universal law for light absorption in 2-D semiconductors

Light, Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Light
From solar cells to optoelectronic sensors to lasers and imaging devices many of today's semiconductor technologies hinge upon the absorption of light Absorption is especially critical for nano sized structures at the interface between two ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Lifelike cooling for sunbaked windows: Adaptable microfluidic circulatory system could cut air-conditioning costs

System
Sun drenched rooms make for happy residents but large glass windows also bring higher air conditioning bills Now a bioinspired microfluidic circulatory system for windows developed by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired ... - Read More

Novel material for cooling of electronic devices discovered

Material, Material
A team of theoretical physicists at the U S Naval Research Laboratory NRL and Boston College has identified cubic boron arsenide as a material with an extraordinarily high thermal conductivity and the potential to transfer ... - Read More

Tetrapod nanocrystals light the way to stronger polymers

nanocrystals
Fluorescent tetrapod nanocrystals could light the way to the future design of stronger polymer nanocomposites A team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab has ... - Read More

Water clears path for nanoribbon development

New research at Rice University shows how water makes it practical to form long graphene nanoribbons less than 10 nanometers wide And it's unlikely that many of the other labs currently trying to harness the ... - Read More

Accurately testing exact hardness of a material, in depth

In today's precision manufacturing environment designers of products as diverse as car airbag sensors computer microchips drill bits and paint often need to know the mechanical properties of their materials' down to the nanometer scale ... - Read More

Plasmonic black metals: Breakthrough in solar energy research?

Metals, Solar energy
The use of plasmonic black metals could someday provide a pathway to more efficient photovoltaics PV the use of solar panels containing photovoltaic solar cells to improve solar energy harvesting according to researchers at Lawrence ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Laser-controlled molecular switch turns blood clotting on, off on command

Molecular, Laser, Laser, molecular
Researchers have designed tiny light controlled gold particles that can release DNA controls to switch blood clotting off and on The results are reported July 24 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Kimberly ... - Read More

Behavior of turbulent flow of superfluids is opposite that of ordinary fluids

Physics, Physics
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More

Quantum of sonics: Bonded, not stirred

Researchers at McGill University have discovered a new way to join materials together using ultrasound Ultrasound sound so high it cannot be heard is normally used to smash particles apart in water In a recent ... - Read More

Novel nanometer scaffolds regulate the biological behaviors of neural stem cells

biological, Nanometer
The surface characteristics of nanoscaffolds made by nanotechnology are more similar to the three dimensional topological structure of the extracellular matrix and the effects on the biological behaviors of cells and tissue repair are more ... - Read More

New way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions

Molecular, molecular
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular gradients that is both simpler than existing techniques ... - Read More

Ancient technology for metal coatings 2,000 years ago can't be matched even today

ACS
Artists and craftsmen more than 2 000 years ago developed thin film coating technology unrivaled even by today's standards for producing DVDs solar cells electronic devices and other products Understanding these sophisticated metal plating techniques ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

New techniques use lasers, LEDs, and optics to 'see' under the skin

Impressive examples of new non invasive optical techniques using lasers light emitting diodes LEDs and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed ... - Read More
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