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News articles about "Materials"

Better water purification with seeds from moringa trees

Purification
Seeds from Moringa oleifera trees can be used to purify water Uppsala University leads a research group which has discovered that seed material can give a more efficient purification process than conventional synthetic materials in ... - Read More

Silkworms spin colored silks while on a 'green' dyed-leaf diet

Green
For some 5 000 years cultivated silkworms have been spinning luxurious white silk fibers destined for use in the finest clothing But current dyeing practices produce wastewater that contains potentially harmful toxins so scientists are ... - Read More

Turning waste into power with bacteria and loofahs

Bacteria, bacteria
Loofahs best known for their use in exfoliating skin to soft radiant perfection have emerged as a new potential tool to advance sustainability efforts on two fronts at the same time energy and waste The ... - Read More

Industrial age helps some coastal regions capture carbon dioxide, surprise finding shows

carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbon
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More

Accelerated corrosion testing of silver provides clues about performance in atmospheric conditions

Corrosion, Atmospheric
Small test strips made of silver or other metals called coupons are frequently used to assess and predict the speeds at which metals used in outdoor environments pipelines aircraft bridges as well as countless other ... - Read More

Intense two-color double X-ray laser pulses: Powerful tool to study ultrafast processes

X-ray
A team working at the SACLA X ray Free Electron Laser XFEL in Japan has succeeded in generating ultra bright two color X ray laser pulses for the first time in the hard X ray ... - Read More

The promise of nanotechnology

If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled then research programs must leapfrog to new nanomanufacturing processes That's the conclusion of a review of the current state of nanoscience and nanotechnology to be published ... - Read More

Amoeboid swimming: Crawling in a fluid

Fluid
Researchers from CNRS Inserm and Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble have developed a particularly simple model that reproduces the swimming mechanism of amoebas They show that by changing shape these single cell organisms propel themselves forward ... - Read More

New thermoelectronic generator: Heat energy efficiently converted to electricity

Heat
Through a process known as thermionic conversion heat energy such as light from the sun or heat from burned fossil fuels can be converted into electricity with very high efficiency Because of its promise researchers ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Optimizing carbon nanotube arrays for use in hot spots

Arrays, Carbon nanotube
Experimental evidence and computer simulations suggest how to grow structures with the best trade offs between three desired characteristics strength flexibility and the ability to dissipate heat When engineers design devices they must often join ... - Read More

Microplastics make marine worms sick

marine, Marine
Tiny bits of plastic trash could spell big trouble for marine life starting with the worms say a team of researchers from Plymouth University and the University of Exeter who report their evidence in a ... - Read More

Process holds promise for production of synthetic gasoline from carbon dioxide

Gasoline
A chemical system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago can efficiently perform the first step in the process of creating syngas gasoline and other energy rich products out of carbon dioxide ... - Read More

New light shed on solar water-splitting process

Light, Light
With the help of a new method called dual electrode photoelectrochemistry University of Oregon scientists have provided new insight into how solar water splitting cells work An important and overlooked parameter they report is the ... - Read More

From cellulose to textile fiber

Cellulose
Aalto University has developed an internationally significant new process for working wood cellulose into a textile fiber New solutions for using fiber based materials in textile processes attract global interest Cotton production cannot be increased ... - Read More

Polymer gel, heal thyself: Engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged

Composites, Gel, Engineering, Polymer
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More

Flexible, stretchable fire-ant rafts

Structure, Structure
What do Jell O toothpaste and floating fire ant rafts have in common All are so called viscoelastic materials meaning that they can both resist flow under stress like honey and they can bounce back ... - Read More

Better combustion through plasma

Mix together air fuel and heat and you get combustion the chemical reaction that powers most engines in planes trains and automobiles And if you throw in some ionized gas plasma it turns out you ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Methane emissions vastly surpass previous estimates

Government calculations of total U S methane emissions may underestimate the true values by 50 percent a new study finds The results are published the week of November 25 in the early online edition of ... - Read More
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