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News articles about "Materials"

Regulating electron 'spin' may be key to making organic solar cells competitive

cells, cells
Organic solar cells a new class of solar cell that mimics the natural process of plant photosynthesis could revolutionise renewable energy but currently lack the efficiency to compete with the more costly commercial silicon cells ... - Read More

Synthetic polymers enable cheap, efficient, durable alkaline fuel cells

Synthetic polymers, Fuel, Fuel cells
A new cost effective polymer membrane can decrease the cost of alkaline batteries and fuel cells by allowing the replacement of expensive platinum catalysts without sacrificing important aspects of performance according to Penn State researchers ... - Read More

A path to better MTV-MOFs: Best method for predicting adsorption in carbon dioxide-scrubbing materials

Adsorption, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Adsorption, Materials, materials, carbon
Scientists would like to apply the same principles by which baking soda removes food odors from refrigerators or silica powder keeps moisture away from electronic devices to scrub carbon dioxide from the exhaust gases of ... - Read More

New insights into the polymer mystique for conducting charges

For most of us a modern lifestyle without polymers is unthinkable…if only we knew what they were The ordinary hardware store terms we use for them include plastics polyethylene epoxy resins paints adhesives rubber without ... - Read More

Chemists develop 'fresh, new' approach to making alloy nanomaterials

Nanomaterials, nanomaterials
Chemists in The College of Arts and Sciences have figured out how to synthesize nanomaterials with stainless steel like interfaces Their discovery may change how the form and structure of nanomaterials are manipulated particularly those ... - Read More

Device captures signatures and fingerprints with tiny LEDs

Pressure
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology want to put your signature up in lights tiny lights that is Using thousands of nanometer scale wires the researchers have developed a sensor device that converts mechanical ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Plastic solar cells' new design promises bright future

Plastic, Plastic, cells, cells
Energy consumption is growing rapidly in the 21st century with rising energy costs and sustainability issues greatly impacting the quality of human life Harvesting energy directly from sunlight to generate electricity using photovoltaic technologies is ... - Read More

Binding together repelling atoms

Basic chemistry tells us that a bond between atoms can form if it is energetically more favorable for the atoms to stick together than staying apart This fundamentally requires an attractive force between the atoms ... - Read More

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton MSE is turning to nature to find a way to make windows more energy efficient In a recent article in Solar Energy Materials & amp Solar Cells Hatton ... - Read More

'Soft robotic' devices using water-based gels

Gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water based hydrogel material that can be patterned folded and used to manipulate objects The technique holds promise ... - Read More

Bio-imaging: Probing for deeper diagnostics

Multi armed polymers with dual fluorescent and magnetic imaging capabilities boost the resolution of cancer detection tools Molecular probes that selectively latch onto tumor cells and emit imaging signals can detect cancer without invasive procedures ... - Read More

Wonders of nature inspire exotic synthetic materials

In this month's edition of Physics World a group of physicists describe how unique structures in the natural world are inspiring scientists to develop new types of materials with unprecedented properties From adhesive tape inspired ... - Read More

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

New water splitting technique efficiently produces hydrogen fuel

Fuel
A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a radically new technique that uses the power of sunlight to efficiently split water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen paving the way for the broad ... - Read More

How did Earth's primitive chemistry get kick started?

Earth, earth
How did life on Earth get started Three new papers co authored by Mike Russell a research scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif strengthen the case that Earth's first life began at alkaline ... - Read More

Sediment trapped behind dams makes them 'hot spots' for greenhouse gas emissions

With the green reputation of large hydroelectric dams already in question scientists are reporting that millions of smaller dams on rivers around the world make an important contribution to the greenhouse gases linked to global ... - Read More

Progress in using ethanol to make key raw material now produced from oil

Ethanol from corn and other plants could become the sustainable raw material for a huge variety of products from plastic packaging to detergents to synthetic rubber that are currently petroleum based This was the conclusion ... - Read More

Surprising result discovered when looking into effects of carbon nanotubes and soil sorption of toxicants

When it comes to carbon nanotubes CNTs in the soil recent research at Texas Tech University shows that the new materials do not affect the sorption of the toxic part of oil called polycyclic aromatic ... - Read More

Tiny, brightly shining silicon crystals could be safe for deep-tissue imaging

Crystals, Silicon
Tiny silicon crystals caused no health problems in monkeys three months after large doses were injected marking a step forward in the quest to bring such materials into clinics as biomedical imaging agents according to ... - Read More
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