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News articles about "Materials"

Revolutionizing solar energy: Quantum waves found at the heart of organic solar cells

Solar energy
Researchers have been able to tune ‘coherence’ in organic nanostructures due to the surprise discovery of wavelike electrons in organic materials revealing the key to generating “long lived charges” in organic solar cells material that ... - Read More

Precise docking sites for cells

The Petri dish is a classical biological laboratory device but it is no ideal living environment for many types of cells Studies lose validity as cell behavior on a flat plastic surface differs from that ... - Read More

Survey of supposed deep-sea chemical munitions dump off Southern California

sea
Since World War II US nautical charts have shown seven chemical munitions dumping areas along the Pacific Coast between San Francisco and the Mexican border However little or no information is available about the amount ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

Welcome guests: Added molecules allow metal-organic frameworks to conduct electricity

molecules
Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and Sandia National Laboratories have added something new to a family of engineered high tech materials called metal organic frameworks MOFs the ability to conduct ... - Read More

Pioneering path to electrical conductivity in 'Tinker Toy' material (MOF)

Conductivity
Sandia National Laboratories researchers have devised a novel way to realize electrical conductivity in metal organic framework MOF materials a development that could have profound implications for the future of electronics sensors energy conversion and ... - Read More

Polymers can behave like insulators, semiconductors and metals -- as well as semimetals

Metals
Polymers can behave like insulators semiconductors and metals as well as semimetals Twenty researchers under the leadership of Xavier Crispin Docent in organic electronics at Linköping University are behind the breakthrough published in Nature Materials ... - Read More

Scientists scale terahertz peaks in nanotubes

Carbon, carbon
Carbon nanotubes carry plasmonic signals in the terahertz range of the electromagnetic spectrum but only if they're metallic by nature or doped In new research the Rice University laboratory of physicist Junichiro Kono disproved previous ... - Read More

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

Solar cell degradation observed directly for the first time

Time
With the help of DESY's X ray light source PETRA III researchers of Technische Universität München have for the first time watched organic solar cells degrade in real time This work could open new approaches ... - Read More

New long-lived greenhouse gas discovered: Highest global-warming impact of any compound to date

Compound, Gas
Scientists from U of T's Department of Chemistry have discovered a novel chemical lurking in the atmosphere that appears to be a long lived greenhouse gas LLGHG The chemical perfluorotributylamine PFTBA is the most radiatively ... - Read More

How light affects individual atoms

Tyndall National Institute and its collaborators are unravelling how atoms vibrate and change when hit with intense bursts of light The ground breaking work has been recognised through publication of a paper in the journal ... - Read More

Scientists offer new insights on controlling nanoparticle stability

University of Oregon chemists studying the structure of ligand stabilized gold nanoparticles have captured fundamental new insights about their stability The information they say could help to maintain a desired integral property in nanoparticles used ... - Read More

Coal yields plenty of graphene quantum dots

Coal, Quantum dots
The prospect of turning coal into fluorescent particles may sound too good to be true but the possibility exists thanks to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour found simple methods ... - Read More

Quantum effects help cells capture light, but the details are obscure

Sophisticated recent experiments with ultrashort laser pulses support the idea that intuition defying quantum interactions between molecules help plants algae and some bacteria efficiently gather light to fuel their growth But key details of nature's ... - Read More

Morphing material has mighty potential: Composite may find use in bioscaffolds, optics, drugs

Material, Material
Heating a sheet of plastic may not bring it to life but it sure looks like it does in new experiments at Rice University The materials created by Rice polymer scientist Rafael Verduzco and his ... - Read More

Thermoelectric materials nearing production scale

Materials, materials
Half Heusler compounds are especially suited for manufacturing thermoelectric modules Waste heat can be converted to electricity with them Researchers have manufactured the alloys for the first time in kilogram quantities More than two thirds ... - Read More

Ultrathin 'diagnostic skin' allows continuous patient monitoring

Temperature, temperature
It is likely that at your next visit to the doctor a medical practitioner will start by taking your temperature This has been part of medical practice for so long that we may see it ... - Read More

Electricity from waste heat with more efficient materials

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat directly into electricity Tommi Tynell M Sc Tech who is a doctoral candidate at the Aalto University School of Chemical Technology has developed hybrid thermoelectric materials which combine useful ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More
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