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News articles about "Materials"

Process holds promise for production of synthetic gasoline from carbon dioxide

Gasoline
A chemical system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago can efficiently perform the first step in the process of creating syngas gasoline and other energy rich products out of carbon dioxide ... - Read More

New light shed on solar water-splitting process

Light, Light
With the help of a new method called dual electrode photoelectrochemistry University of Oregon scientists have provided new insight into how solar water splitting cells work An important and overlooked parameter they report is the ... - Read More

From cellulose to textile fiber

Cellulose
Aalto University has developed an internationally significant new process for working wood cellulose into a textile fiber New solutions for using fiber based materials in textile processes attract global interest Cotton production cannot be increased ... - Read More

Polymer gel, heal thyself: Engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged

Composites, Gel, Engineering, Polymer
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More

Flexible, stretchable fire-ant rafts

Structure, Structure
What do Jell O toothpaste and floating fire ant rafts have in common All are so called viscoelastic materials meaning that they can both resist flow under stress like honey and they can bounce back ... - Read More

Better combustion through plasma

Mix together air fuel and heat and you get combustion the chemical reaction that powers most engines in planes trains and automobiles And if you throw in some ionized gas plasma it turns out you ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Methane emissions vastly surpass previous estimates

Government calculations of total U S methane emissions may underestimate the true values by 50 percent a new study finds The results are published the week of November 25 in the early online edition of ... - Read More

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Minerals, Minerals
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More

Carbon capture and storage: An inside look at a metal-organic framework (MOF) in action

Carbon, carbon
A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal organic framework MOF as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the design of new and improved MOFs for carbon ... - Read More

Step closer to composite-based electronics

A new study demonstrates that electrical resistivity obeys a staircase like dependence on the conducting particle concentration in composite materials Composite materials are of increasing interest to physicists Typically they are made of electrically conducting ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

Nanotubes can solder themselves, markedly improving device performance

Carbon, carbon
University of Illinois researchers have developed a way to heal gaps in wires too small for even the world's tiniest soldering iron Led by electrical and computer engineering professor Joseph Lyding and graduate student Jae ... - Read More

New materials with potential biomedical applications

Bisphosphonates are a group of compounds that have become well known and are extensively used as drugs for treating bone related diseases such as osteoporosis New uses for bisphosphonates were discovered as their ability to ... - Read More

Research paves path for hybrid nano-materials to replace pills, human tissue

A team of researchers has uncovered critical information that could help scientists understand how protein polymers interact with other self assembling biopolymers The research helps explain naturally occurring nano material within cells and could one ... - Read More

Researchers use nanoscale 'patches' to sensitize targeted cell receptors

Researchers from North Carolina State University and Duke University have developed nanoscale patches that can be used to sensitize targeted cell receptors making them more responsive to signals that control cell activity The finding holds ... - Read More

Sticky Business: Magnetic Pollen Replicas Offer Multimodal Adhesion

Released 11 21 2013 4 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology more news from this source Nov 27 2013 Researchers have created magnetic replicas of sunflower pollen grains using a wet chemical layer ... - Read More

Global warming in the Canadian arctic

Ph D student Karita Negandhi and professor Isabelle Laurion from INRS'Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre in collaboration with other Canadian U S and French researchers have been studying methane emissions produced by thawing permafrost in ... - Read More

Using waste heat to make cars more efficient

Yanliang Zhang wants to make vehicles more efficient by using a resource most people aren't even aware of the waste heat that results from the inherent inefficiency of engines when converting fuel into energy Zhang ... - Read More

Technique developed to convert thermoelectric material into high performance electricity

Material, Material
A team of Clemson University physicists consisting of nanomaterial scientists Apparao Rao and Ramakrishna Podila and thermoelectricians Terry Tritt Jian He and Pooja Puneet worked synergistically through the newly established Clemson Nanomaterials Center to develop ... - Read More
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