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News articles about "Materials"

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

7-Tesla MRI scanner allows even more accurate diagnosis of breast cancer

Taking part in a recent study scientists at the MedUni Vienna have demonstrated for the first time worldwide that 7 Tesla ultra high field magnetic resonance imaging MRI can be used for clinical applications in ... - Read More

New innovation could mean eye injections are a thing of the past

Drugs used to treat blindness causing disorders could be successfully administered by eye drops rather than unpleasant and expensive eye injections according to new research led by UCL scientists that could be a breakthrough for ... - Read More

Blue paint on Japanese bullet trains can inhibit bacterial growth

Using an artificial protein that contains metal researchers at Nagoya University were able to inhibit the growth of a pathogenic bacterium prevalent in hospitals which cause diseases to humans and has a high resistance to ... - Read More

Four new human-made ozone depleting gases found in the atmosphere

Scientists at the University of East Anglia have identified four new human made gases in the atmosphere all of which are contributing to the destruction of the ozone layer New research published today in the ... - Read More

Effective thermal insulation with wood foam

Insulation materials of tomorrow must be both efficient and environmentally friendly Fraunhofer scientists are developing insulation foam made from wood that could re place petrochemical plastics in the long term Climate protection is now a ... - Read More

Promising news for producing fuels through artificial photosynthesis

There's promising news from the front on efforts to produce fuels through artificial photosynthesis A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis JCAP shows that nearly 90 percent of ... - Read More

Combatting hospital-acquired infections with protein metal complex

A protein containing a metal complex for blue paint inhibits growth of a pathogenic bacterium through iron deprivation Professor Yoshihito Watanabe WPI ITbM Cooperating Researcher Associate Professor Osami Shoji Ms Chikako Shirataki of Nagoya University ... - Read More

UV light accelerates cancer cells that creep along outside of blood vessels

Based on the pioneering work of Dr Claire Lugassy and Dr Raymond Barnhill at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center a new study provides additional support for a process by which melanoma cells a deadly form ... - Read More

Promising results with local hyperthermia of tumors

A combination of iron oxide nanoparticles and an alternating magnetic field which together generate heat have activated an immune system response to tumors in mice according to an accepted manuscript by Dartmouth Hitchcock Norris Cotton ... - Read More

Research tests which nano system works best in killing cancer cells

In current research related to improving cancer treatments one promising area of research is the effort to find ways to selectively pinpoint and target cancer cells while minimizing effects on healthy cells In that effort ... - Read More

A new renewable energy source? Device captures energy from Earth's infrared emissions to outer space

When the sun sets on a remote desert outpost and solar panels shut down what energy source will provide power through the night A battery perhaps or an old diesel generator Perhaps something strange and ... - Read More

Engineering team increases power efficiency for future computer processors

Have you ever wondered why your laptop or smartphone feels warm when you're using it That heat is a byproduct of the microprocessors in your device using electric current to power computer processing functions and ... - Read More

Big step for next-generation fuel cells and electrolyzers

A big step in the development of next generation fuel cells and water alkali electrolyzers has been achieved with the discovery of a new class of bimetallic nanocatalysts that are an order of magnitude higher ... - Read More

Imaging dynamics of small biomolecules inside live cells

Researchers at Columbia University have made a significant step toward visualizing small biomolecules inside living biological systems with minimum disturbance a longstanding goal in the scientific community In a study published March 2nd in Nature ... - Read More

Pulling polymers leads to new insights into their mechanical behavior

In collaboration with colleagues from Berlin and Madrid researchers at the Department of Physics at the University of Basel have pulled up isolated molecular chains from a gold surface using the tip of an atomic ... - Read More

An environmentally friendly chemical reaction that does not waste any atoms

In the Research Group of Nuno Maulide a chemist working at the University of Vienna a new chemical synthesis for α arylated Carbonyl derivatives was developed Members of this class of substances typically possess interesting ... - Read More

Extraordinary momentum and spin discovered in evanescent light waves

A team of researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science CEMS in Japan has identified unexpected dynamic properties of a type of light wave called evanescent waves These surprising findings contrast sharply with ... - Read More

Recent advances in the controlled synthesis and functional applications of luminescent metal nanoclusters

In a paper published in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials researchers summarize recent advances in the controlled synthesis and application of luminescent metal nanoclusters including potential uses in sensors bioimaging and energy harvesting and ... - Read More
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