All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Dispelling a misconception about Mg-ion batteries

Lithium Li ion batteries serve us well powering our laptops tablets cell phones and a host of other gadgets and devices However for future automotive applications we will need rechargeable batteries with significant increases in ... - Read More

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying carbon dioxide levels

Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2. Previous studies have found that the Miocene climatic optimum a ... - Read More

Importance of dead jellyfish to deep-sea ecosystems

Innovative experiments carried out by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre NOC and abroad show that dead jellyfish contribute to the deep sea food chain unlike previously thought Researchers from the UK Norway and Hawaii ... - Read More

Method for detecting extremely rare inert gas isotopes for water dating

In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Dolphin 'breathalyzer' could help diagnose animal and ocean health

Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin In ... - Read More

Discarded cigarette ashes could go to good use -- removing arsenic from water

Arsenic a well known poison can be taken out of drinking water using sophisticated treatment methods But in places that lack the equipment or technical know how required to remove it it still laces drinking ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Precision printing: Unique capabilities of 3-D printing revealed

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated an additive manufacturing method to control the structure and properties of metal components with precision unmatched by conventional manufacturing processes Ryan Dehoff staff ... - Read More

Power of thorium for improved nuclear design explored by scientists

The UK is playing a key role in an international project to develop a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer more cost effective compact quicker and less disruptive to build than ... - Read More

How the fruit fly could help us sniff out drugs and bombs

A fly's sense of smell could be used in new technology to detect drugs and bombs new University of Sussex research has found Brain scientist Professor Thomas Nowotny was surprised to find that the 'nose' ... - Read More

A unique approach to monitoring groundwater supplies near Ohio fracking sites

A University of Cincinnati research project is taking a groundbreaking approach to monitoring groundwater resources near fracking sites in Ohio Claire Botner a UC graduate student in geology will outline the project at The Geological ... - Read More

A brighter design emerges for low-cost, 'greener' LED light bulbs

The phase out of traditional incandescent bulbs in the U S and elsewhere as well as a growing interest in energy efficiency has given LED lighting a sales boost However that trend could be short ... - Read More

Methods will reverse arsenic danger in Bangladesh water supply

Arsenic poisoning is widespread in Bangladesh where ground water is contaminated by runoff from the Himalayas Now researchers have developed two simple and cheap methods that well drillers can use to tap arsenic safe drinking ... - Read More

A new innovative way to fertilize through leaves

A new study conducted by researchers from UPM and the UAH suggests that foliar fertilization could be used as a tool to produce plants for high quality reforestation Various nitrogen sources were tested in this ... - Read More

Solar activity impacts polar ozone

The increase in greenhouse gases explains to a large extent the rise in the average temperature of Earth According to the research study published in Nature Communications today the Sun affects middle atmosphere ozone with ... - Read More

Electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package

Using 3 D printing and novel semiconductors researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter more powerful and more efficient At the ... - Read More

Do cycle lanes increase safety of cyclists from overtaking vehicles?

Date October 14 2014 Source Taylor & amp Francis Summary Cycling is well known to improve individual health and fitness it also benefits the wider population in terms of economy road congestion and environmental impact ... - Read More

Beyond LEDs: Brighter, new energy-saving flat panel lights based on carbon nanotubes

Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes LEDs as the single most significant and disruptive energy efficient lighting solution of today scientists around the world continue unabated to search ... - Read More

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven

Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano alloy composed of palladium nano islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction the most important reaction in ... - Read More
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