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News articles about "Materials"

Water clears path for nanoribbon development

New research at Rice University shows how water makes it practical to form long graphene nanoribbons less than 10 nanometers wide And it's unlikely that many of the other labs currently trying to harness the ... - Read More

Accurately testing exact hardness of a material, in depth

In today's precision manufacturing environment designers of products as diverse as car airbag sensors computer microchips drill bits and paint often need to know the mechanical properties of their materials' down to the nanometer scale ... - Read More

Plasmonic black metals: Breakthrough in solar energy research?

Metals, Solar energy
The use of plasmonic black metals could someday provide a pathway to more efficient photovoltaics PV the use of solar panels containing photovoltaic solar cells to improve solar energy harvesting according to researchers at Lawrence ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Laser-controlled molecular switch turns blood clotting on, off on command

Molecular, Laser, Laser, molecular
Researchers have designed tiny light controlled gold particles that can release DNA controls to switch blood clotting off and on The results are reported July 24 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Kimberly ... - Read More

Behavior of turbulent flow of superfluids is opposite that of ordinary fluids

Physics, Physics
A superfluid moves like a completely frictionless liquid seemingly able to propel itself without any hindrance from gravity or surface tension The physics underlying these materials which appear to defy the conventional laws of physics ... - Read More

Quantum of sonics: Bonded, not stirred

Researchers at McGill University have discovered a new way to join materials together using ultrasound Ultrasound sound so high it cannot be heard is normally used to smash particles apart in water In a recent ... - Read More

Novel nanometer scaffolds regulate the biological behaviors of neural stem cells

biological, Nanometer
The surface characteristics of nanoscaffolds made by nanotechnology are more similar to the three dimensional topological structure of the extracellular matrix and the effects on the biological behaviors of cells and tissue repair are more ... - Read More

New way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions

Molecular, molecular
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular gradients that is both simpler than existing techniques ... - Read More

Ancient technology for metal coatings 2,000 years ago can't be matched even today

ACS
Artists and craftsmen more than 2 000 years ago developed thin film coating technology unrivaled even by today's standards for producing DVDs solar cells electronic devices and other products Understanding these sophisticated metal plating techniques ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

New techniques use lasers, LEDs, and optics to 'see' under the skin

Impressive examples of new non invasive optical techniques using lasers light emitting diodes LEDs and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed ... - Read More

Researchers get better metrics on laser potential of key material

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed more accurate measurements of how efficiently a polymer called MEH PPV amplifies light which should advance efforts to develop a new generation of lasers and photonic devices ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More

Protons hop from one water molecule to another given suitable energy conditions

Molecule, molecule
Protons as positively charged hydrogen ions move very rapidly in water from one water molecule to the next which is why the conductivity of water is relatively high The principle of proton conduction in water ... - Read More

Choosing a wave could accelerate airplane maintenance

Adhesive
Ultrasonic waves can find bubbles and cracks in adhesive bonds holding airplane composite parts together and now aerospace engineers can select the best frequencies to detect adhesive failures in hard to reach places more quickly ... - Read More

A new method for clicking molecules together

Thiols are sulfur containing molecules found in most proteins of the human body Characterized by their 'garlicky' smell they also give coffee sweat and the spray of skunks their unique odor Because they are so ... - Read More

Thin, flexible glass for energy storage

Glass
A new use for glass is being developed by researchers in Penn State's Materials Research Institute that could make future hybrid electric and plug in electric vehicles more affordable and reliable Thin and flexible glass ... - Read More

Two-in-one solution for low cost polymer LEDs and solar cells

Solution, Polymer
Considerable improvement in device performance of polymer based optoelectronic devices is reported today by researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea The new plasmonic material can be applied to both ... - Read More
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