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News articles about "Materials"

Soil organic matter susceptible to climate change

Soil organic matter long thought to be a semi permanent storehouse for ancient carbon may be much more vulnerable to climate change than previously thought Plants direct between 40 percent and 60 percent of photosynthetically ... - Read More

Scientists convert microbubbles to nanoparticles

Biomedical researchers led by Dr Gang Zheng at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have successfully converted microbubble technology already used in diagnostic imaging into nanoparticles that stay trapped in tumours to potentially deliver targeted therapeutic payloads ... - Read More

'Atomic chicken-wire' is key to faster DNA sequencing

An unusual and very exciting form of carbon that can be created by drawing on paper looks to hold the key to real time high throughput DNA sequencing a technique that would revolutionise medical research ... - Read More

How to make a profit from rotting garbage

Landfills can make a profit from all their rotting waste and a new patent explains exactly how to make the most out of the stinky garbage sites Decomposing trash produces methane a landfill gas that ... - Read More

Super sensitive measurement of magnetic fields

There are electrical signals in the nervous system the brain and throughout the human body and there are tiny magnetic fields associated with these signals that could be important for medical science Researchers from the ... - Read More

Thin transparent flexible screens: Roll up your screen and stow it away?

From smartphones and tablets to computer monitors and interactive TV screens electronic displays are everywhere As the demand for instant constant communication grows so too does the urgency for more convenient portable devices especially devices ... - Read More

Rodeo in liquid crystal: Unprecedented level of control over defects

Scientists have achieved an unprecedented level of control over defects in liquid crystals that can be engineered for applications in liquid matter photonics Sitting with a joystick in the comfort of their chairs scientists can ... - Read More

Soft, energy-efficient robotic wings

Dielectric elastomers are novel materials for making actuators or motors with soft and lightweight properties that can undergo large active deformations with high energy conversion efficiencies This has made dielectric elastomers popular for creating devices ... - Read More

Skin tough: Why skin is resistant to tearing

When weighing the pluses and minuses of your skin add this to the plus column Your skin like that of all vertebrates is remarkably resistant to tearing Now a collaboration of researchers at the U ... - Read More

Precocious GEM: Shape-shifting sensor can report conditions from deep in the body

Scientists working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the National Institutes of Health NIH have devised and demonstrated a new shape shifting probe about one hundredth as wide as a human ... - Read More

Recipe for antibacterial plastic: Plastic plus egg whites

Bioplastics made from protein sources such as albumin and whey have shown significant antibacterial properties findings that could eventually lead to their use in plastics used in medical applications such as wound healing dressings sutures ... - Read More

Predicting pesticide loads more accurately

The EU wants to further improve the authorization process for agricultural products The different national procedures for this are supposed to be further harmonized Fraunhofer researchers have developed a software for estimating the transfer of ... - Read More

Virtual vehicle testing: Modeling tires realistically

Manufacturers conduct virtual tests on vehicle designs long before the first car rolls off the assembly line Simulation of the tires has remained a challenge however The software tool CDTire 3D from Fraunhofer researchers now ... - Read More

Protein shake-up: Researchers use neutron scattering and supercomputing to study shape of a protein involved in cancer

For living organisms proteins are an essential part of their body system and are needed to thrive In recent years a certain class of proteins has challenged researchers' conventional notion that proteins have a static ... - Read More

Novel coatings combine protection with color effects

New coloured protective coatings offer the same corrosion and wear protection as colourless coatings while their colouration opens new opportunities Red could for instance be used as a warning colour on surfaces which can get ... - Read More

Materials Genomics Initiative: Sequencing the DNA of things

The process of trial and error in scientific research is costly and time consuming And while scientific innovation and discovery is necessary to find solutions to some of society's largest challenges think clean energy national ... - Read More

Nanoscale worms provide new route to nano-necklace structures

Researchers have developed a novel technique for crafting nanometer scale necklaces based on tiny star like structures threaded onto a polymeric backbone The technique could provide a new way to produce hybrid organic inorganic shish ... - Read More

High-precision radar for the steel industry

Steel is the most important material in vehicle and machinery construction Large quantities of offcuts and scraps are left over from rolling and milling crude steel into strip steel New radar from Fraunhofer researchers measures ... - Read More

MRI based on a sugar molecule can tell cancerous from noncancerous cells

Imaging tests like mammograms or CT scans can detect tumors but figuring out whether a growth is or isn't cancer usually requires a biopsy to study cells directly Now results of a Johns Hopkins study ... - Read More

Greener industry if environmental authorities change strategy

Fewer industrial firms would violate environmental legislation and a higher number would adopt cleaner technologies if environmental authorities would focus their monitoring efforts on companies with the most environmentally damaging technology At a societal level ... - Read More
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