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News articles about "Materials"

Seal teeth offer glimpse into the environmental past of Russia's Lake Baikal

March 21 marks World Water Day and a fitting time to consider one of the most unique mammals in Earth's waters The nerpa also known as the Baikal seal is the only seal that lives ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Emerging carbon trading markets offer lessons

Although markets for trading carbon emission credits to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have stalled in United States federal policy making carbon markets are emerging at the state level within the U S and around the ... - Read More

It looks like rubber but isn't: What goes on in a concentrated solution of circular polymers?

The experimental and numerical study of the behaviour of polymers in concentrated solutions is a line of research that is still highly active In the past it enabled us to understand why materials like rubber ... - Read More

Switching an antibiotic on and off with light

Scientists of the KIT and the University of Kiev have produced an antibiotic whose biological activity can be controlled with light Thanks to the robust diarylethene photoswitch the antimicrobial effect of the peptide mimetic can ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle: Earth's continued habitability due to geologic cycles that act as climate control

Researchers from USC and Nanjing University in China have documented evidence suggesting that part of the reason that Earth has become neither sweltering like Venus nor frigid like Mars lies with a built in atmospheric ... - Read More

Nanoparticle-based coating for aircraft engines may triple service life and reduce fuel consumption

Researchers at University West in Sweden have started using nanoparticles in the heat insulating surface layer that protects aircraft engines from heat In tests this increased the service life of the coating by 300% This ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

Real-time simulation of textiles with new software

Fashion designers pattern makers and tailors produce new collections using computer programs The Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD in Darmstadt is working with partners on connecting both worlds so the design process can ... - Read More

Important and complex systems, from the global financial market to groups of friends, may be highly controllable

We don't often think of them in these terms but our brains global financial markets and groups of friends are all examples of different kinds of complex networks or systems And unlike the kind of ... - Read More

Planting cotton early may mean less stink bug damage

Stink bugs have been consistently ranked among the most damaging insect pests of cotton in the southeastern United States for the past several years Apart from the feeding damage stink bugs are capable of transmitting ... - Read More

Nanotube composites greatly increase efficiency of next generation of solar cells

Carbon nanotubes are becoming increasingly attractive for photovoltaic solar cells as a replacement to silicon Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that controlled placement of the carbon nanotubes into nano structures produces a ... - Read More

High-strength materials from the pressure cooker: New materials made quickly and in eco-friendly manner

A Surprise in Materials Chemistry At Vienna University of Technology materials for lightweight construction protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures This process is faster better and more ... - Read More

New technique makes LEDs brighter, more resilient

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes LEDs brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride GaN with a layer of phosphorus ... - Read More

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems

Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia ... - Read More
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